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Flashcards in Time Out and Response Cost Deck (21)
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1

loss of access to all positive reinforcers for a breif period contingent on problem behavior, which results in a decrease in the problem behavior (negative punishment)

Time Out

2

2 types of time out:

1. Non-exclusionary
2. Exclusionary

3

individual remains in room while being removed from access to positive SR

Non-exclusionary

4

Example:
Timeout chari

non-exclusionary

5

Individual removed from the room where problem behavior occurred and is taken to another room, which removes all sources of positive SR

Exclusionary

6

Example:
Principles office

Exclusionary

7

Why it is important to determine the function of problem behavior prior to implementing TO?

Not all PB can be decreased by TO

8

When is it appropriate to use TO?

use w/ pb maintained by social positive reinforcement (attention and tangibles)
Time in reinforced with positive reinforcement making them want to stay in time in area instead of time out

9

When is it NOT appropriate to use TO?

when PB is maintained by:
-Social negative reinforcement
*reinforces escape maintained PB
-Automatic SR
*allows opportunity to engage in repetitive bx w/ out interruption

10

Safety procedures for TO room:

- Be safe (free of sharp or breakable objects) well lit, and barren
- Have observation window so individual can be observed
-Room cannot have lock, so individual cannot lock out change agent

11

Briefly discuss the importance of the time-in environment and what is should entail

Time In environment provides social reinforcement for good behavior while time out environment provides negative punishment for pb

12

Removal of a specified amount of specific reinforcer that person already has contingent on occurrence of pb, which results in a decrease in future probability of pb

Response Cost

13

Examples of RC for government and law enforcement uses:

-IRS fines for not paying taxes
-Parking or speeding tickets
-Fine for turning in books late to library

14

Difference between RC, TO, and EXT?:

- EXT: remove reinforcer that maintained PB
- TO: remove ALL reinforcement contingent on PB
-RC: specific amount of a specific SR person already possesses removed after PB

15

Similarities between RC, TO, and EXT?

all used to decrease bx

16

token loss or loss of ongoing SR

Immediate RC

17

Ex:
Fake being taken away: Loss of opportunity immediate

Immediate RC

18

fines paid later; loss of opportunity to engage in activity later in the day; loss of allowance at end of week

Delayed RC

19

Ex:
Parking ticket: loss of money when time to pay bill

Delayed RC

20

Two types of RC:

Immediate
Delayed

21

Ethical considerations with the use of RC:

- Important that removal of SR does not violate rights of person or result in harm
*Taking away personal possession from adult with IDD would be violation of rights
*Depriving someone of a meal or food that’s normally available is violation of rights