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FNP STUDY > TODDLER AND PRESCHOOL > Flashcards

Flashcards in TODDLER AND PRESCHOOL Deck (47):
1

toddler age

1 to 3 years of age

2

preschool age

4-5 years of age

3

cognitive focus for 2-4 year olds

preoperational, preconceptual- one thing at a time

4

cognitive focus for 4-7 year old

preoperational, intuitive/causation- morals

5

psychosocial focus for toddlers

autonomy

6

psychosocial focus for preschoolers

initiative

7

up to what age do you check anthropometrics?

up to 2 years old

8

what age do you check height, weight and BP

starting at 3 years and yearly

9

when do fontanelle disappear?

by 18 months

10

toddler visit schedule

12, 15, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months

11

preschool visit schedule

3,4, and 5 years

12

chest and head are equal by age ___; chest eventually grows 5cm>head by the end of this period

1

13

Genu varum

Bowed legs, normal variant in toddlerhood, wide based gait

14

genu valgum

knock-knees, normal variant in preschooler

15

gross Motor skills at 2 years

up and down steps, kicks ball without falling, runs with wide gait

16

gross motor skills at 3 years

hops at 3.5 years, rides a tricycle

17

gross motor skills at 4 years

up and down stairs with alternating feet, rides a bicycle with training wheels

18

gross motor skills at 5 years

skips, jumps rope, plays ball

19

fine motor skills at 2 years

tower of 8 cubes, turns a doorknob

20

fine motor skills at 3 years

copies a circle, builds a tower

21

fine motor skills at 4 years

draws a person with 4-6 parts, tower of 10 blocks

22

fine motor skills at 5 years

copies a square, copies multiple shapes, prints letters, ties shoes

23

visual acuity 20/30

by age 5

24

Language development by age 2

up to 50 word vocal, can follow 2 step command, talks constantly

25

language development by age 3

up to 900 word vocal

26

language development by age 4

can understand phrases and simple analogies

27

language development by age 5

vocabulary >2000 words, uses sentences regularly, knows at least 4 colors

28

type of play for toddlers

onlooker and parallel play

29

type of play for preschoolers

associative, cooperative, dramatic, physical play

30

age to introduce spoons

between 15 and 17 months of age

31

age of first dental exam

1 year

32

sleep routine for toddlers

sleeps 10-12 hours per night with daily naps

33

age nightmares and night terrors

nightmares begin around age 3- can recall
night terrors occur between 2-6 years, most outgrow as they get older

34

physiologic and psychological readiness age for toilet training

1.5 to 2.5 years

35

average age of daytime control for toilet training

achieved by 2 years, nighttime lags by 1 year

36

developmental warning signs at 1 year

is not imitating sounds, is not pulling to standing, is not indicating desires by point. gesture

37

developmental warning signs by 18 months

does not make eye contact, does not feed self with spoon

38

developmental warning signs at 2 years

is not walking up stairs, is not using 2-3 word sentences, is not noticing cars, animals, is initiating self-stimulation behaviors

39

developmental warning signs at 3 years

is not aware of external environment, cannot ride a tricycle, does not follow simple direction, continues baby talk, does not imitate adult activities

40

developmental warning signs at 4 years

does not listen to a story, does not speak in sentences, engages in head banging or rocking, is mot toilet trained, does not draw a human figure

41

developmental warning signs at 5 years

magical thinking is still dominant, there is no impulse control

42

When to refer a child with stuttering

stuttering lasts >6months, child older than 6 yo, child avoids speaking

43

Definition and types of autism spectrum disorders

altered response to environmental stimuli and impaired social interactions. Types: Autistic disorder, aspergers syndrome, Retts disorder, and childhood disintegrative disorder

44

Autistic disorder

marked abnormal or impaired development in social interaction usually noted within the first year of life, a greatly restrictive repertoire of activity and interests, may exhibit language delay

45

asperger's syndrome

severe and sustained impairment in social interaction, development of restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, may exhibit obsessive compulsive tendencies, no language delay or clinically significant delays in language acquisition

46

DSM-IV-TR requirement for a Pervasive Development Disorder Diagnosis

6 total behaviors from 3 categories (motor, language, communication and social)

47

behavior checklists used in screening for PDD

Autism behavior checklist, checklist for autism in toddlers (CHAT) and Modified checklist for autism in toddlers (MCHAT)