Toefl 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Toefl 1 Deck (20):
1

Vulnerable

🔺vulnerable to disease
🔺the most vulnerable members of the society
🔺financial vulnerability

2

Diminish

Deplete - Decrease - shrink - reduce - plunge - plummet - lower -
🔺diminution = reduction = depletion

3

Increment

Increase - raise -

4

Victim

🔺the victims of the earthquake
🔺the starvation victims

5

Persecute

🔺to persecute someone of his religious beliefs
🔺persecuted minorities
🔺the victims of religious persecution

6

Prosecute

🔺the police decided not to prosecute
🔺crimes will be prosecuted

7

Executive

~ authority
🔺business executives
🔺chief executive in a firm

8

Unprecedented

🔺unprecedented violation
🔺unprecedented crime
🔺unprecedented plunge of the oil price

9

Deficiency

Shortage ~ dearth ~ scarcity ~ lack
🔺scarcity of resources
🔺dearth of reliable information
🔺deficiency of vitamin B
🔺the symptoms indicate protein deficiency

10

Compile - compilation

گرداوري
To produce sth by bringing together different items.
🔺to compile a list of suitable people for the job
🔺the album was compiled from live recordings
🔺a compilation album
🔺the compilation of a dictionary

11

Ingenious

Genius
🔺an ingenious idea
🔺ingenious ways of saving energy
🔺an ingenious cook
🔺ingeniously designed

12

Intolerable

~ unbearable ~ unendurable
Tolerate ~ bear ~ endure

13

Subsequent

# prior #previous

14

Exploit

~ use ~ utilize ~ make use of
🔺exploitation of a situation
🔺exploitation of children
🔺sexual expoiltatin
🔺teachers should exploit computers in education

15

Catastrophe

~ disaster
Catastrophic ~ disastrous ~ devastating
🔺catastrophic effects or results
🔺environmental disasters
🔺a natural disaster
🔺a disastrous fire
🔺disastrous consequences
🔺a devastating explosion
🔺devastating injuries in the accident

16

Deliberatley

~ intentionally ~ purposefully
🔺intentional ~ on purpose ~ purposeful ~ intended ~ deliberate
🔺unintentional ~ unintended
🔺 unintentionally ~ INADVERTENTLY

17

Discriminate

~ distinguish ~ differentiate
🔺racial discrimination
🔺sexual discrimination
🔺to discriminate the A from B

18

Spacious

~ capacious ~ roomy
🔺the rooms are spacious
🔺capacious pockets

19

Controversial

🔺a highly controversial topic
🔺controversial decisions
🔺controversial issue
🔺to cause controversy
🔺 a bitter controversy over sth

20

Obscure

~ unknown ~ anonymous
🔺an obscure poet
🔺his origin remained obscure