Toefl 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Toefl 2 Deck (20):
1

Hearten (v)

~ encourage
Discourage ~ dishearten
Encouragement # discouragement
🔺it is heartening to see the determination of these young people
🔺dont let this defeat dishearten you
🔺a disheartened/discouraged team
🔺a disheartening experience

2

Synthetic

Artificial ~ manmade
🔺synthetic drugs

3

Infer (v)

~ deduce ~ conclude استنباط

🔺it can be infered ...
🔺it can be deduced ...
🔺much of the meaning must be infered from the context.
🔺we can deduce a lot from what people buy.

4

Devise(v)

~ think up
🔺 a new system has been devised to..
🔺scientists has devised a method ...

5

Revise(v)

~reform
🔺the government has to revise its policy
🔺i have to revise my opinions
🔺a revised edition of book

6

Confine(v)

Limit ~ restrict ~ constrain
Limitation~constraint~restriction
🔺the work will not be confined to this area
🔺lets confine our attention to the problem
🔺fog severely confined our visibility

7

Commence (v)

Begin ~ start ~ launch ~ initiate
🔺the meeting is scheduled to commence at ...

8

Proximity

🔺a house in proximity of ...
🔺the proximity of college to ...
🔺the area has a number of schools in close proximity
Proximate ~ nearby ~ adjacent ~ adjoining

9

Premature

🔺a premature death/birth
🔺 her carear come to premature end

10

Virtually

~ almost ~ approximately
🔺virtually all students will be exempt from the tax

11

Multifaceted

~ intricate ~ complex ~ complicated ~ elaborate
🔺a multifaceted issue

12

Conceive(v)

~ imagine ~ visualize ~ envision ~ envisage
Conceivable ~ probable ~ possible ~ feasible

13

Breakthrough

~ development
🔺major breakthrough in cancer research
🔺a significant breakthrough in negotiations

14

Instantaneously

~ abruptly ~ promptly ~ immediately ~ instantly

15

Ponder (v)

~ contemplate ~ consider ~ think about
🔺we intend to ponder all the allternatives before acting.
🔺 they are pondering whether the money could be better used elsewhere.
🔺i have never contemplated livinig abroad.

16

Refute (v)

~ rebut ~ reject ~ deny
🔺to refute a theory
🔺an attempt to rebut rumours of divorce

17

Astounding(adj)

~ astonishing ~ amasing حيرت برانگيز
🔺an astounding increase in sales
🔺the performance was an astounding success

18

Flourish

Develop ~ thrive
🔺few bussineses are flourishing in the prevailing economic climate
🔺the arts began to flourish at that time
🔺these animals rarely thrive in captivity

19

Outbreak

شيوع
🔺outbreak of a disease
🔺the outbreak of war

20

Infinitesimal

Tiny ~ minuscule ~ negligible ~ small
🔺an infinitesimal risk
🔺infinitesimal traces of poison
🔺a minuscule handwriting