Top 200 Week 6 (P2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Top 200 Week 6 (P2) Deck (108):
1

Glucophage, Glucophage XR

metformin, diabetes
B

2

Glucophage storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet and solution
500, 750, 850, 1000mg, 100mg/ml

3

Glucophage labeled uses

Type 2 DM, either used alone or with insulin

4

Glucophage unlabeled uses

Gestational DM, Polycystic ovary syndrome

5

Glucophage adverse effects

BBW: lactic acidosis
N/V/D and gas

6

Glucophage other points

take with food, at the same time every daily
diet modification may be required
limit alcohol intake
XR formulations will leave the shell in pt's stool

7

Actos

pioglitazone, diabetes
C

8

Actos storage, dosage forms, and doses

Store at room temp
tablet
15, 30, 45

9

Actos labeled uses

Type 2 DM, may be taken alone or with a sulfonylurea to improve control

10

Actos unlabeled uses

none

11

Actos adverse effects

edema, upper respiratory tract infection, headache

12

Actos other points

may be taken with or without food, may require diet modification

13

Humalog

Insulin lispro, diabetes
B

14

Humalog storage, dosage forms, and doses

store in the fridge
injection
100 units/ml

15

Humalog labeled uses

DM Type 1 and 2

16

Humalog unlabeled uses

gestational DM, Diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state

17

Humalog adverse effects

hypoglycemia, edema, weight gain

18

Humalog other points

store in fridge, may be kept out of fridge for up to 28 days, take within 15 min of drawing up dose

19

Novolog

insulin aspart, diabetes
B

20

Novolog storage, dosage forms, and doses

store in the fridge
injection
100 units/ml

21

Novolog labeled uses

DM type 1 and 2

22

Novolog unlabeled uses

gestational DM, Diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state

23

Novolog adverse effects

hypoglycemia, weight gain, edema, and headache

24

Novolog other points

store in fridge, may be kept out of fridge for up to 28 days, take within 15 min of drawing up dose

25

Lantus (Lantus Solostar)

insulin glargine, diabetes
C

26

Lantus storage, dosage forms, and doses

store in the fridge
injection
100mg/ml

27

Lantus labeled uses

DM type 1 and 2

28

Lantus unlabeled uses

gestational DM, Diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state

29

Lantus adverse effects

hypoglycemia, URTI, headache, edema, and cataract development

30

Lantus other points

must test blood sugar levels
do not dilute or mix with other insulins
take at the same time every day

31

Diabeta, Glynase

glyburide, diabetes
C

32

Diabeta, Glynase storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet
1.25, 2.5, 5, 3, 6

33

Diabeta, Glynase labeled uses

Type 2 DM

34

Diabeta, Glynase unlabeled uses

gestational DM

35

Diabeta, Glynase adverse effects

dizziness, headache, diarrhea

36

Diabeta, Glynase other points

Caution with alcohol consumption
take with food
take at the same time daily

37

Januvia

sitagliptin, diabetes
B

38

Januvia storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet
25, 50, 100

39

Januvia labeled uses

Type 2 DM

40

Januvia unlabeled uses

none

41

Januvia adverse effects

nasopharyngitis, nausea, diarrhea, constipation

42

Januvia other points

may be taken with or without food
may require diet modification

43

Amaryl

glimepiride, diabetes
C

44

Amaryl storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet
1, 2, 4

45

Amaryl labeled uses

Type 2 DM, may be taken with insulin or metformin

46

Amaryl unlabeled uses

none

47

Amaryl adverse effects

headache, dizziness, nausea, weakness

48

Amaryl other points

take with breakfast or the first meal of the day

49

Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL

glipizide, diabetes
C

50

Glucotrol storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet
2.5, 5, 10. XR - 5, 10

51

Glucotrol labeled uses

type 2 DM

52

Glucotrol unlabeled uses

none

53

Glucotrol adverse effects

Headache, dizziness, leg cramps

54

Glucotrol other points

IR - take 30 min before breakfast
XR - take with breakfast

55

Keppra

levetiracetam, anticonvulsant
C

56

Keppra storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet, solution, injection
250, 500, 750, 1000mg, 100mg/ml

57

Keppra labeled uses

partial onset seizure, myoclonic, TC seizure

58

Keppra unlabeled uses

bipolar disorder

59

Keppra adverse effects

Vomiting, Headache, Weakness, Somnolence

60

Keppra other points

may be taken with or without food

61

Topamax

topiramate, anticonvulsant
C

62

Topamax storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet, capsule
15, 25, 50, 100, 200

63

Topamax labeled uses

migraine, partial onset seizure, TC seizure

64

Topamax unlabeled uses

neuropathic pain, cluster headache

65

Topamax adverse effects

somnolence, dizziness, fatigue

66

Topamax other points

may be taken with or without food

67

Lamictal

lamotrigine, anticonvulsant
C

68

Lamictal storage, dosage forms, doses

store at room temp
tablet
25, 100, 150, 200

69

Lamictal labeled uses

generalized seizures, TC seizure, bipolar

70

Lamictal unlabeled uses

none

71

Lamictal adverse effects

BBW: may cause skin rashes
N/V, chest pain, insomnia

72

Lamictal other points

may be taken with or without food, swallow whole

73

Neurontin

gabapentin, anticonvulsant
C

74

Neurontin storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet, capsule, solution
100, 300, 400, 600, 800

75

Neurontin labeled uses

partial seizures, post-herpetic neuralgia

76

Neurontin unlabeled uses

neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, bipolar disorder, social phobia, post-op pain

77

Neurontin adverse effects

somnolence, dizziness, fatigue

78

Neurontin other points

may be taken with or without food

79

Flexeril

cyclobenzaprine, muscle relaxer
B

80

Flexeril storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet, capsule
5, 10, 7.5, 15, 30

81

Flexeril labeled uses

acute painful musculoskeletal pain, muscle spasms

82

Flexeril unlabeled uses

muscle spasms with Temporomandibular joint disorder

83

Flexeril adverse effects

Dizziness, xerostomia, drowsiness

84

Flexeril other points

take at bedtime

85

Soma

carisoprodol, muscle relaxer
C

86

Soma storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet
250 and 350

87

Soma labeled uses

short term acute musculoskeletal pain

88

Soma unlabeled uses

none

89

Soma adverse effects

drowsiness, dizziness, headache

90

Soma other points

now a schedule 4, no alcohol consumption, may be taken with or without food

91

Zanaflex

tizanidine, muscle relaxer
C

92

Zanaflex storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet, capsule
2, 4, 6

93

Zanaflex labeled uses

skeletal muscle relaxant, muscle spasticity

94

Zanaflex unlabeled uses

tension headaches, back pain, trigeminal neuralgia

95

Zanaflex adverse effects

hypotension, somnolence, dizziness, xerostomia

96

Zanaflex other points

may be taken with or without food, but make sure it is taken the same way with each dose

97

Robaxin

methocarbamol, muscle relaxer
C

98

Robaxin storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet, injection
500, 750

99

Robaxin labeled uses

muscle spasms

100

Robaxin unlabeled uses

none

101

Robaxin adverse effects

dizziness, drowsiness, N/V

102

Robaxin other points

take with food, do not take with alcohol

103

Baclofen

baclofen, muscle relaxer
C

104

Baclofen storage, dosage forms, and doses

store at room temp
tablet, injection
10, 20

105

Baclofen labeled uses

reversible spasticity, MS or spinal chord lesions

106

Baclofen unlabeled uses

intractable hiccups, intractable pain, bladder spasticity, trigeminal neuralgia

107

Baclofen adverse effects

drowsiness, dizziness, vertigo, insomnia
BBW: intrathecal formulation

108

Baclofen other points

do not take with alcohol
may be taken with or without food