Flashcards in Topic 1: basic concepts of pathophysiology Deck (29):
something that can be objectively measured or observed by an observer
subjective complaint noted by the patient
unfavorable evolution or consequence
conditions suspected to contributing to the development of a disease
inclination or tendency to develop a disease
relatively sever, but self-limiting
continuous, long term
measure of existing disease in a population at a given time
number of new cases that arise in a population at a given time
arising spontaneously from an unknown cause
wasting in size, often accompanied by a decrease in function
alteration in size/shape/organisation of adult cells
study of the cause/s of disease
abnormal multiplication or increase in the number of normal cells or body part
change in type of adult cells to a form that is not normal for that tissue
enlargement or overgrowth of an organism due to an increase in size of cells
gradual and subtle onset
how the disease process evolves
study of patterns, causes and effects of health and disease conditions
induced inadvertently through activity of physicians
What is diabetes?
abnormally high blood glucose levels resulting in various complications such as blindness, amputation, tingling, stroke, increased blood pressure, heart attacks, kidney failure
What is hypertension?
abnormally high pressure inside arteries which may cause hardened arteries, cholesterol build-up, kidney failure, stroke
What is asthma?
narrowing and swelling of airways due to excessive secretions of mucous
What is arthritis?
inflammation and degeneration of cartilage surrounding joints, resulting in pain during movement
What are some signs and symptoms if diabetes?
dehydration, extreme thirst, unexplained weight loss, vision changes, extreme fatigue
Risk factors of type 2 diabetes
family history, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, race, ethnicity
How does co-existing high blood pressure aggravate renal impairment in a diabetic patient?
damage of blood vessels which may result in the nephrons not receiving enough oxygen to function, there is also decreased filtration and decreased rate
How does hypertension affect the heart?
A restriction in blood flow can damage the heart. The heart muscle thickens, making it difficult to pump blood through narrow arteries. In severe situations, blood is cut off to the heart, resulting in a heart attack.