Topic 10 - Mate Huka (Diabetes) Flashcards Preview

150.202 Maori Health > Topic 10 - Mate Huka (Diabetes) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 10 - Mate Huka (Diabetes) Deck (13):
1

What are the three types of Diabetes?

Type 1
Type 2
Gestational

2

What are the long term effects of high blood glucose levels?

Damage to small blood vessels (microvascular
disease)
Causes:
eye problems (cataracts, blindness)
kidney disease (including renal failure requiring dialysis)
leg and foot problems (ulcers, reduced feeling)

Narrowing of blood vessels (macrovascular disease) causes:
heart attacks
strokes
gangrene.

3

What is the most common type of diabetes Maori will get?

T2DM

4

What other conditions is diabetes normally associated with?

Gout
Hypertension
High Cholesterol
Obesity
Heart disease

5

What are the mortality rates for Maori in comparison to European in diabetes?

9 times higher aged 45 - 64

6

What are the ethnic disparities for Maori with regards to diabetes?

Diagnosed younger
More prevalent in Maori
Mortality higher than non maori who have diabetes
Hospitalisation higher than non maori

7

What are some means of preventing diabetes?

Culturally based education at a community level on exercise, diet, what the disease is and the consequences of this.

Early screening - at risk groups getting screened early and regularly

Diabetes support groups to maintain diet and exercise - eg

Screening for complications - eg get checked program

Tackle root cause - eg determinants of health,

Intersectoral collaboration - dieticians, nutritionist, exercise coaches, lifestyle coaches, health practitioners, budgeting services, housing services, WINZ, MSD, Kaupapa Health Services, Health promotion agency and community churches, groups and Marae's with community input at all sec0otrs that is culturally appropriate

8

What are some barriers to reducing diabetes?

Genetics
Non engagement with health provider
Socioeconomic position
Lifestyle
Access to healthcare
DIscrimination

9

What are the cellular causes of diabetes?

Metabolic
and
Genetic

10

What are the personal reasons for diabetes?

Obesity
SMoking
Sedentary
Nutrition
Lifestyle

11

What are the ecological reasons for diabetes?

Socioeconomic disadvantage
Housing
Access to goods and services

12

What are the political/constitutional reasons for diabetes?

Macro policies of state
Inidigenous position in society

13

What does a Maori focused/run orogram delivery look like to counter diabetes?

Marae based
Kaumatua and Kuia supported
Cultural relevance
Whanau inclusion
Maori health models used
Monitored by kaumatua and kuia
Self determined
Self managed
Intersectoral collaboration eg housing, economic, social