Flashcards in Topic 10 - Mate Huka (Diabetes) Deck (13):
What are the three types of Diabetes?
What are the long term effects of high blood glucose levels?
Damage to small blood vessels (microvascular
eye problems (cataracts, blindness)
kidney disease (including renal failure requiring dialysis)
leg and foot problems (ulcers, reduced feeling)
Narrowing of blood vessels (macrovascular disease) causes:
What is the most common type of diabetes Maori will get?
What other conditions is diabetes normally associated with?
What are the mortality rates for Maori in comparison to European in diabetes?
9 times higher aged 45 - 64
What are the ethnic disparities for Maori with regards to diabetes?
More prevalent in Maori
Mortality higher than non maori who have diabetes
Hospitalisation higher than non maori
What are some means of preventing diabetes?
Culturally based education at a community level on exercise, diet, what the disease is and the consequences of this.
Early screening - at risk groups getting screened early and regularly
Diabetes support groups to maintain diet and exercise - eg
Screening for complications - eg get checked program
Tackle root cause - eg determinants of health,
Intersectoral collaboration - dieticians, nutritionist, exercise coaches, lifestyle coaches, health practitioners, budgeting services, housing services, WINZ, MSD, Kaupapa Health Services, Health promotion agency and community churches, groups and Marae's with community input at all sec0otrs that is culturally appropriate
What are some barriers to reducing diabetes?
Non engagement with health provider
Access to healthcare
What are the cellular causes of diabetes?
What are the personal reasons for diabetes?
What are the ecological reasons for diabetes?
Access to goods and services
What are the political/constitutional reasons for diabetes?
Macro policies of state
Inidigenous position in society