Topic 3 - Challenges of an Urbanising World Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 3 - Challenges of an Urbanising World Deck (13):

What is urbanisation? 

Urbanisation is the growth in the proportion of a country's living in urban areas. 


Describe the trend of urbanisation in a developed country. 

Developed countries have very slow rates of urban growth. 


What is a megacity? 

A megacity is an urban area with over 10 million people living there (our example = mumbai in india) 


What is a primate city? What are two influences it has on it's country? 

Primate cities are cities that dominate thier country, and have a much larger population than many other cities combined. Two influences are; Investment - businesses often locate there, Migration - there are lots of jobs fo people to move and find work. 


Give three push & pull factors of migration. 

Push : a shortage of jobs or low wages, poor standard of living, war or conflict, poor healthcare educ.

Pull : more employment, higher wages, better standard of living, healthcare, educ. safer and cleaner environment.


Give an example of an economic change that leads to migration in developed countries. 

De-industrialisation has led to decline of industrial areas - people then moved away to find work elsewhere. E.g. Sunderland


What are the four economic sectors and give examples. 

Primary - raw materials such as farming, mining, etc. 

Secondary - manufacture such as textiles, furniture, cars, etc. 

Tertiary - services such as nursing, retail, etc. 

Quaternary - information economy such as IT industry, electronics, etc. 


What is suburbanisation? 

Suburbanisation is the movement of people from the middle of the city to the edges - urban areas expanding. 


Give two reasons why de-industrialisation occurs. 

Industry moves out of city centres into rural areas where rent is cheaper. 

Industry moves overseas where costs are lower - known as global shift. 


What is counter-urbanisation? 

It is the movement of people away from large urban areas to smaller settlements and rural areas. 


Name the three different types of land use in a city. 

Commercial - office buildings, shopping centres, hotels, etc. 

Residential - all sorts of housing

Industrial - factories and warehouses, etc. 


Describe the zones of a 'model' city that from concentric rings. 

Central business district (CBD) - commercial land use, high density buildings, major roads. 

Inner city - mainly residential (low-class housing) older industry. 

Suburbs - mainly residential (medium-class housing) 

The rural-urban fringe - mix of commercial buildings and residential (high-class houses) more green space. 


What is your studied mega city? 

Mumbai in india.