Topic 4&5 - Carbohydrates & Lipids Flashcards Preview

Biochem 153A > Topic 4&5 - Carbohydrates & Lipids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 4&5 - Carbohydrates & Lipids Deck (34):
1

Monosaccharide

A carbohydrate made up of a single sugar residue

2

Disaccharide

A carbohydrate made up of two sugar residues

3

Oligosaccharide

A carbohydrate made up of 3-10 sugar residues

4

Polysaccharide

A carbohydrate made up of more than 10 sugar residues

5

Aldose

A carbohydrate whose carbonyl group is an aldehyde.

6

Ketose

A carbohydrate whose carbonyl group is a ketone

7

Lipid

A biological molecule that is largely hydrophobic and thus insoluble in water

8

Fatty Acid

A carboxylic acid with a long hydrocarbon side chain

9

Amphiphillic

A molecule that is both hydrophilic and hydrophobic

10

Amphipathic

A molecule that is both hydrophilic and hydrophobic

11

Saturated

A fatty acid that is fully reduced, thus contains no double (or triple) bonds

12

Unsaturated

A fatty acid containing double bonds

13

CH3(CH2)10COOH

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Systematic Name: Dodecanoic acid

Common Name: Lauric Acid

Symbol: 12:0

Saturated Fatty Acid

14

CH3(CH2)12COOH

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Systematic Name: Tetradecanoic acid

Common Name: Myristic Acid

Symbol: 14:0

Saturated Fatty Acid

15

CH3(CH2)14COOH

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Systematic Name: Hexadecanoic acid

Common Name: Palmitic Acid

Symbol: 16:0

Saturated Fatty Acid

16

CH3(CH2)16COOH

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Systematic Name: Octadecanoic acid

Common Name: Stearic Acid

Symbol: 18:0

Saturated Fatty Acid

17

CH3(CH2)18COOH

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Systematic Name: Eicosanoic acid

Common Name: Arachidic Acid

Symbol: 20:0

Saturated Fatty Acid

18

CH3(CH2)5CH=CH(CH2)7COOH

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Systematic Name: 9-Hexadecanoic acid

Common Name: Palmitoleic acid

Symbol: 16:1n-7

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

19

CH3(CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)7COOH

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Systematic Name: 9-Octadecanoic acid

Common Name: Oleic Acid

Symbol: 18:1n-9

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

20

CH3(CH2)4(CH=CHCH2)2(CH2)6COOH

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Systematic Name: 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid

Common Name: Linoleic Acid

Symbol: 18:2n-6

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

21

CH3CH2(CH=CHCH2)3(CH2)6COOH

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Systematic Name: 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid

Common Name: α-Linolenic acid

Symbol: 18:3n-3

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

22

CH3(CH2)4(CH=CHCH2)4(CH2)2COOH

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Systematic Name: 5,8,11,14-Eicosatetraenoic acid

Common Name: Arachidonic acid

Symbol: 20:4n-6

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

23

CH3CH2(CH=CHCH2)5(CH2)2COOH

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Systematic Name: 5,8,11,14,17-Eicosapentaenoic acid

Common Name: EPA

Symbol: 20:5n-3

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

24

CH3CH2(CH=CHCH2)6CH2COOH

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Systematic Name: 4,7,10,13,16,19-Docosohexenoic acid

Common Name: DHA

Symbol: 22:6n-3

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

25

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Glyceraldehyde

26

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Glycerol

27

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Pyran

28

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Furan

29

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Glucose

30

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Galactose

31

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Fructose

32

Saturated Fatty Acids

12:0

14:0

16:0

18:0

20:0

Dodecanoic Acid/Lauric Acid

Tetradecanoic Acid/Myristic Acid

Hexadecanoic Acid/Palmitic Acid

Octadecanoic Acid/Stearic Acid

Eicosanoic Acid/Arachidic Acid

33

16:1n-7

18:1n-9

18:2n-6

18:3n-3

20:4n-6

20:5n-3

22:6n-3

9-Hexadecenoic Acid/Palmitoleic Acid

9-Octadecenoic Acid/Oleic Acid

9,12-Octadecadienoic Acid/Linoleic Acid

9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic Acid/α-Linolenic acid

5,8,11,15-Eicosatetraenoic Acid/Arachionic Acid

5,8,11,14,17-Eicosapentaenoic Acid/EPA

4,7,10,13,16,19-Docosohexenoic Acid/DHA

34

16:1n-7/9-Hexadecenoic Acid

18:1n-9/9-Octadecenoic Acid

18:2n-6/9,12-Octadecadienoic Acid

18:3n-3/9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic Acid

20:4n-6/5,8,11,15-Eicosatetraenoic Acid

20:5n-3/5,8,11,14,17-Eicosapentaenoic Acid

22:6n-3/4,7,10,13,16,19-Docosohexenoic Acid

Palmitoleic Acid

Oleic Acid

Linoleic Acid

α-Linolenic acid

Arachionic Acid

EPA

DHA