Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 7: Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 7: Musculoskeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 7: Musculoskeletal System Deck (80):
1

Adduction

Aducción, movement drawing toward middle

2

Bursa

Bolsa, fluid-filled sac, allows easy movement of 1 part of joint over another

3

Prosthesis

Prótesis

4

Intercostal

Intercostal, between the ribs

5

Lumbar vertebrae

Vértebras lumbares

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Mandible

Mandíbula, lower jaw, colloquial quijada

7

Thoracic vertebrae

Vértebras torácicas

8

Cervical vertebrae

Vértebras cervicales

9

Ligament

Ligamento, flexible tough band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches 1 bone to another at joint

10

Tendon

Tendón, fibrous connective tissue attaches muscle to bone

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Muscular dystrophy

Miodistrofia or distrofia muscular, group of hereditary diseases that cause muscle degeneration and weakness

12

Hypertrophy

Hipertrofia, excessive development

13

Colles fracture

Fractura de Colles, type of wrist fracture

14

Carpal tunel syndrome

Síndrome del túnel carpiano, nerve entrapment disorder of wrist caused by compression of median nerve

15

Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia, softening of bones

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Pronation

Pronación, palms down

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Supination

Supinación, palms up

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Extension

Extensión, limb straight

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Flexion

Flexión, limb bent

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Inversion

Inversión, turning inward

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Eversion

Eversión, turning outward

22

Gout

Gota, excessive amount of uric acid in blood, causes sodium urate crystals to deposit in joints, especially big toe, arthritis

23

Lyme disease

Enfermedad or mal de Lyme, rash, flulike symptoms, treated with antibiotics

24

Rheumatoid arthritis

Artritis reumatoide, chronic disease, autoimmune inflammatory changes in connective tissues throughout the body

25

Laminectomy

Laminectomía, excision of lamina, relieve pressure of nerve roots in lower spine caused by herniated disc and other conditions

26

Meniscectomy

Meniscectomía, excision of meniscus, done for torn cartilage

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Dystrophy

Distrofia, abnormal development

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Dyskinesia

Discenesia, difficult movement

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Bradykinesia

Bradiquinesia, slow movement

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Atrophy

Atrofia, without development, wasting

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diskectomy

discectomía, excision of intervertebral disk, to relieve pressure on nerve roots

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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis, abnormal loss of bone density, mostly in post menopausal women, leads to fractures

33

Tendinitis or tendonitis

Tendonitis, inflammation of tendon

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Scoliosis

Escoliosis, abnormal lateral curve of spine

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Polymyositis

Polimiositis, inflammation of many muscles

36

Abduction

Abducción, movement drawing away from middle

37

Articular cartilage

Cartílago articular, smooth layer of gristle covering contacting surface of joints

38

Femur

Fémur, upper leg bone

39

Lamina

Lamina, part of vertebral arch

40

Rachischisis

Raquisquisis, congenital fissure of vertebral column, spina bifida

41

Phalanges

Falanges, finger and toe bones

42

Metacarpal bones

Huesos metacarpianos, hand bones

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Carpal bones

Huesos carpianos, wrist bones

44

Ulna and radius

Ulna/cúbito and radio, lower arm bones

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Humerus

Húmero, upper arm bone

46

Coccyx

Coxis or coccis, 4 vertebrae, tailbone

47

Clavicle

Clavícula, collar bone

48

Scapula

Escápula, shoulder blade

49

Sternum

Esternón, breastbone

50

Sacrum

Sacro, 5 vertebrae below lumbar, form triangular bone between hip bones

51

Metatarsal bones

Huesos metatarsianos

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Orthotics

Ortética, making and fitting of orthopedic appliances

53

Fibromyalgia

Fibrocitis, fibromialgia, pain in fibrous tissue and muscla, stiffness in muscles, fatigue, disturbed sleep

54

Osteoarthritis

Artrosis, osteoartritis, inflammation in bones and joints

55

Kyphosis

Hipercifosis, humpback, hunchback, colloq joroba

56

Epidural

Epidural, colloq raquia

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Leaning

Recostado

58

Bunion

Juanete, aka hallux valgus, deformidad envalgo del dedo gordo

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Lordosis

Hiperlordosis, swayback

60

Calcaneus

Calcáneo, heel bone

61

Tibia and fibula

Tibia and peroné, lower leg bones

62

Pelvic, hip bone

Hueso coxal or iliáco, 3 bones fused together, ischium, isquión, ilium, ilión, pubis, pubic

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Tarsal bones

Huesos del tarso, ankle bones

64

Patella

rótula, kneecap

65

Joints

Articulaciones, coyunturas

66

Bone marrow

Médula osea, colloq tuétano

67

calcáneo

calcaneus

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pómulo

cheekbone

69

hueso canceloso

cancellous bone; also known as spongy or trabecular bone, is one of the two types of bone tissue found in the human body. Cancellous bone is found at the ends of long bones, as well as in the pelvic bones, ribs, skull, and the vertebrae in the spinal column.

70

endostio

endosteum; thin vascular membrane of connective tissue that lines the surface of the bony tissue that forms the medullary cavity of long bones

71

placa epífisis

epiphyseal plate

72

etmoides

ethmoid; a square bone at the root of the nose, forming part of the cranium, and having many perforations through which the olfactory nerves pass to the nose

73

tejido óseo

Osseous tissue (bone tissue)

74

músculo sartorio

Sartorius muscle

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esfenoide, hueso en la base del craneo

sphenoid bone

76

talón

Talus

77

Tarso

Tarsus

78

trapecio

trapezius; either of a pair of large triangular muscles extending over the back of the neck and shoulders and moving the head and shoulder blade

79

hueso cigomático

zygomatic bone; the bone that forms the prominent part of the cheek and the outer side of the eye socket

80

Malleolus bone

Hueso maléolo; bony prominence on either side of ankle

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