Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 7: Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 7: Musculoskeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 7: Musculoskeletal System Deck (80)
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1

Adduction

Aducción, movement drawing toward middle

2

Bursa

Bolsa, fluid-filled sac, allows easy movement of 1 part of joint over another

3

Prosthesis

Prótesis

4

Intercostal

Intercostal, between the ribs

5

Lumbar vertebrae

Vértebras lumbares

6

Mandible

Mandíbula, lower jaw, colloquial quijada

7

Thoracic vertebrae

Vértebras torácicas

8

Cervical vertebrae

Vértebras cervicales

9

Ligament

Ligamento, flexible tough band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches 1 bone to another at joint

10

Tendon

Tendón, fibrous connective tissue attaches muscle to bone

11

Muscular dystrophy

Miodistrofia or distrofia muscular, group of hereditary diseases that cause muscle degeneration and weakness

12

Hypertrophy

Hipertrofia, excessive development

13

Colles fracture

Fractura de Colles, type of wrist fracture

14

Carpal tunel syndrome

Síndrome del túnel carpiano, nerve entrapment disorder of wrist caused by compression of median nerve

15

Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia, softening of bones

16

Pronation

Pronación, palms down

17

Supination

Supinación, palms up

18

Extension

Extensión, limb straight

19

Flexion

Flexión, limb bent

20

Inversion

Inversión, turning inward

21

Eversion

Eversión, turning outward

22

Gout

Gota, excessive amount of uric acid in blood, causes sodium urate crystals to deposit in joints, especially big toe, arthritis

23

Lyme disease

Enfermedad or mal de Lyme, rash, flulike symptoms, treated with antibiotics

24

Rheumatoid arthritis

Artritis reumatoide, chronic disease, autoimmune inflammatory changes in connective tissues throughout the body

25

Laminectomy

Laminectomía, excision of lamina, relieve pressure of nerve roots in lower spine caused by herniated disc and other conditions

26

Meniscectomy

Meniscectomía, excision of meniscus, done for torn cartilage

27

Dystrophy

Distrofia, abnormal development

28

Dyskinesia

Discenesia, difficult movement

29

Bradykinesia

Bradiquinesia, slow movement

30

Atrophy

Atrofia, without development, wasting

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