Topic 4: Seed Plants (Gymnosperms and Angiosperms) Flashcards Preview

BIOL 1030 > Topic 4: Seed Plants (Gymnosperms and Angiosperms) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 4: Seed Plants (Gymnosperms and Angiosperms) Deck (25):
1

sepals

calyx

2

petals

corolla

3

stamens

andromecium

4

carpels

gynomecium

5

Type of flower missing one or two whorls

incomplete flower

6

Type of flower missing andromecium/gynomecium

imperfect flower

7

fusing withinn a whorl

connation

8

fusing between whorls

adnation

9

"regular" radial symmetry

actinomorphic

10

"irregular" bilateral symmetry

zygomorphic

11

ovary wall

pericarp

12

Type of fruit where material outside ovary is included

accessory fruit

13

A type of fruit with one pistil

simple fruit

14

A type of fruit that came from separate carpels on one flower

aggregate fruit

15

A type of fruit that came from multiple flowers

multiple

16

mature female gametophyte

embryo sac

17

anther and filament

stamen

18

stima, style, ovary

carpel

19

Runners or long slender stems that grow along soil

stolons

20

underground stems

rhizomes

21

roots that produce sprouts that produce new plants

suckers

22

plantlets developing from notches in tissue

adventitious leaves

23

asexual embryos

apomixes

24

Complete flowers are always ______, but incomplete flowers _______

Complete flowers are always perfect. Incomplete flowers can be either.

25

3 ways to promote outcrossing

1.) Dichogamous
2.) Stigma/stamens don't touch
3.) Genetic self-incompatability