Topic 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 5 Deck (19):
1

a homologous series is a group of

similar compounds

2

alkane and alkenes contain only

hydrogen and carbon

3

alcohols have an

0-H and end in ol

4

carboxylic acids have

-COOH and are anoic acid

5

ethanol can be made by

fermantation

6

used to concentrate ethanol

fractional distillation

7

fermentation for pros and cons

uses renewable source, quality of ethanol solution isn't great and expensive to purify

8

ethene + steam =

ethanol

9

ethanoic acid is

vinegar

10

carboxylic acids react like

other acids

11

esters have

COO

12

esters are used in

flavourings and perfumes

13

polyesters are used in

fabrics and plastics

14

soaps are made from

esters and an alkali

15

soap anoins have a water loving head

hydrophilic

16

an oil loving tail

hydrophobic

17

soap anions surround the oil blob and

lift it away from the fabric

18

vegetable oils are hydrogenated for

the food industry

19

oils and fats are

esters