Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 14: Endocrinology Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 14: Endocrinology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 14: Endocrinology Deck (32):
1

hyperglycemia

hiperglicemia, excess of sugar in blood

2

hypoglycemia

hipoglicemia, deficient sugar in blood

3

hypercalcemia

hipercalciemia, excess of calcium in blood

4

hypocalcemia

hipocalciemia, deficient calcium in blood

5

diabetes mellitus

diabetes sacarina

6

fasting blood sugar

prueba de glucemia en ayunas

7

polydipsia

polidipsia, abnormal state of increased thirst

8

exophthalmos

exoftalmos or exoftalmia, abnormal protrusion of eyeball due to thyroid disease

9

thyroxine level (T4)

prueba del nivel de tiroxina o tetrayodotironina

10

hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis)

hipertiroidismo, excessive thyroid gland activity

11

hypothyroidism

hipotiroidismo, deficient thyroid gland activity

12

Cushing syndrome

síndrome de Cushing, increased production of cortisol causes abnormally pigmented skin, moon face, pads of fat, fat on upper back, wasting away muscle

13

hyperkalemia

hiperpotasiemia, excess of potassium in blood

14

hypokalemia

hipopotasiemia, deficient potassium in blood

15

hyponatremia

hiponatremia, deficient sodium in blood

16

thyroiditis

tiroiditis, inflammation of thyroid

17

adenectomy

adenectomía, excision of gland

18

thyroidectomy

tiroidectomía, excision of thyroid gland

19

adrenalectomy

suprarrenalectomía, excision of one or both adrenal glands

20

Graves disease

enfermedad de Graves-Basedow, disorder of thyroid gland that causes hyperthyroidism, goiter & exophthalmos

21

Diabetic acidosis AKA diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)

Develops when acidic substances known as ketone bodies, build up in the body. This occurs with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes

22

dwarfism

adult stature of less than 4'10". due to more than 200 different medical conditions. achondroplasia is most common, followed by pituitary dwarfism--growth hormone deficiency

23

gigantism

massive growth before growth plates have closed. abnormality in pituitary gland resulting in over-production of HGH

24

acromegaly

developing big hands, feet, chin and nose in adulthood. caused by excessive HGH

25

central diabetes insipidus

pituitary gland does not produce enough ADH, so body cannot retain enough sodium and water

26

cretinism

sever hypothryoidism in young children, causing combination of growth failure and mental retardation. can be related to autoimmune disease

27

hypoparathyroidism

underactive parathyroid gland. muscle twitches, spasms, convulsion, abdominal pain, cataracts

28

hyperparathyroidism

overactive parathyoid gland. high blood calcium levels, unspecific symptoms

29

Addison's disease

type of adrenal gland failure. adrenal glands don't produce enough steroid hormones

30

test strip

tira reactiva, tira de ensayo

31

lancet

lanceta

32

alcohol prep pad

almohadilla de alcohol

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