Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 18: Hematology (including Lymphatic System) Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 18: Hematology (including Lymphatic System) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 18: Hematology (including Lymphatic System) Deck (58)
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1

ischemia

isquemia, deficiency of blood flow

2

arteriosclerosis

arterioesclerosis, hardening of arteries

3

deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

trombosis venosa profunda, formation of a blood clot or thrombus within a deep vein, predominantly in the legs

4

hemoglobin (Hgb)

hemoglobina, blood test--measure of oxygen containing components in red blood cells

5

systole

sístole, when ventricles contract--top number of BP reading

6

arteries

arterias, carry blood away from heart to organs

7

phlebitis

flebitis, inflammation of vein

8

arteriogram

arteriograma, radiographic image of artery

9

atherectomy

aterectomía, excision of fatty plaque

10

leukemia

leucemia, malignant disease--increase of white blood cells forms in bone marrow

11

leukocytes

leucocitos, white blood cells--combat infection, respond to inflammation

12

erythrocytes

eritrocitos, red blood cells--develop in bone marrow

13

plasma

plasma, clear liquid part of blood, 90% water, forms 55% of total blood volume

14

veins

venas, blood vessels that take blood to heart, carry blood with CO2 and waste

15

atherosclerosis

ateroesclerosis, hardening of fatty plaque

16

complete blood count (CBC)

hemograma completo or conteo sanguíneo completo or biometría hemática, measures hemoglobin, hematocrit, red cells, white cells, platelets, etc.

17

vasodilator

vasodilatador, agent or nerve that enlarges blood vessels

18

vasoconstrictor

vasoconstrictor, agent or nerve that narrows blood vessels

19

blood clot

coágulo

20

to clot (blood)

coagular

21

clotting

coagulación

22

embolus

émbolo, blood clot or foreign material (i.e. air, fat)--moves through bloodstream, lodges at another point in circulation

23

angiography

angiografía, radiographic image of blood vessels

24

anemia

anemia, reduction of amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells

25

thrombophlebitis

tromboflebitis, inflammation of a vein associated with a clot

26

thrombosis

trombosis, abnormal condition of blood clot

27

thrombus

trombo, blood clot--on artery or vein

28

hematoma

hematoma, tumor of blood

29

lumen

luz vascular, space within tubular part or organ, i.e. blood vessel

30

hemolysis

hemólisis, dissolution of red blood cells

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