Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 18: Hematology (including Lymphatic System) Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 18: Hematology (including Lymphatic System) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 18: Hematology (including Lymphatic System) Deck (58):
1

ischemia

isquemia, deficiency of blood flow

2

arteriosclerosis

arterioesclerosis, hardening of arteries

3

deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

trombosis venosa profunda, formation of a blood clot or thrombus within a deep vein, predominantly in the legs

4

hemoglobin (Hgb)

hemoglobina, blood test--measure of oxygen containing components in red blood cells

5

systole

sístole, when ventricles contract--top number of BP reading

6

arteries

arterias, carry blood away from heart to organs

7

phlebitis

flebitis, inflammation of vein

8

arteriogram

arteriograma, radiographic image of artery

9

atherectomy

aterectomía, excision of fatty plaque

10

leukemia

leucemia, malignant disease--increase of white blood cells forms in bone marrow

11

leukocytes

leucocitos, white blood cells--combat infection, respond to inflammation

12

erythrocytes

eritrocitos, red blood cells--develop in bone marrow

13

plasma

plasma, clear liquid part of blood, 90% water, forms 55% of total blood volume

14

veins

venas, blood vessels that take blood to heart, carry blood with CO2 and waste

15

atherosclerosis

ateroesclerosis, hardening of fatty plaque

16

complete blood count (CBC)

hemograma completo or conteo sanguíneo completo or biometría hemática, measures hemoglobin, hematocrit, red cells, white cells, platelets, etc.

17

vasodilator

vasodilatador, agent or nerve that enlarges blood vessels

18

vasoconstrictor

vasoconstrictor, agent or nerve that narrows blood vessels

19

blood clot

coágulo

20

to clot (blood)

coagular

21

clotting

coagulación

22

embolus

émbolo, blood clot or foreign material (i.e. air, fat)--moves through bloodstream, lodges at another point in circulation

23

angiography

angiografía, radiographic image of blood vessels

24

anemia

anemia, reduction of amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells

25

thrombophlebitis

tromboflebitis, inflammation of a vein associated with a clot

26

thrombosis

trombosis, abnormal condition of blood clot

27

thrombus

trombo, blood clot--on artery or vein

28

hematoma

hematoma, tumor of blood

29

lumen

luz vascular, space within tubular part or organ, i.e. blood vessel

30

hemolysis

hemólisis, dissolution of red blood cells

31

phlebotomy

flebotomía or venesección, incision into vein

32

lymph nodes

ganglios/nodos linfáticos, filter lymph to keep bacteria, etc. from entering blood; produce lymphocytes

33

splenomegaly

esplenomegalia, enlargement of spleen

34

lymphoma

linfoma, malignant tumor of lymphatic tissue

35

lymphadenopathy

linfadenopatía, disease of lymph nodes

36

spleen

bazo, located on left side of abdominal cavity between stomach & diaphragm--largest lymph organ; cleanses blood & destroys worn out red blood cells

37

angioplasty

angioplastia, surgical repair of blood vessel

38

diastole

diástole, when ventricles relax between contractions; bottom number of BP reading

39

varicose veins

várices or venas varicosas

40

circulatory problem

problema circulatorio

41

lymphatic system

sistema linfático

42

erythrocytosis

eritrocitosis, increase in number of red blood cells

43

leukocytosis

leucocitosis, increase in number of white blood cells

44

elephantiasis

AKA filariasis. parasitic infection leading to enlargement of a limb due to blockage of lymph glands

45

graft-vs-host-disease (GVHD)

occurs when healthy donor cells attack weakened body of host (person receiving donor cells or transplant)

46

lymphoma (Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's)

cancer of lymphocyte--painless, enlarged lymph nodes (lumps), usually in neck then spreading to other lymph nodes

47

myeloma

cancer of blood which develops in bone marrow

48

sickle cell disease

inherited blood disorder. red blood cells take on rigid sickle shape after giving up oxygen. sickle shaped cells cannot fit through narrow capillaries resulting in blood supply to that part of body being blocked.

49

thalassemia

inherited condition: body makes abnormal hemoglobin & many red blood cells are destroyed, resulting in severe anemia

50

claudication

narrowing of leg arteries, causing severe leg pain caused by lack of oxygen in leg muscles

51

Análisis de antiglobulina

Antiglobulin test (AGT), or Coombs test; tests for autoimmune hemolytic anemia: low RBCs (breaking down)

52

anisocitosis

anisocytosis; patient's red blood cells are of unequal size. This is commonly found in anemia and other blood conditions.

53

Aglutinantes febriles

Febrile agglutinins; antibodies that cause the red blood cells to clump together

54

Linfografía para detectar linfomas

Lymphangiography to detect lymphomas

55

aplasia linfática

lymphoid aplasia

56

TPA o estirpador de coágulo

TPA “clog buster”; Tissue plasminogen activator (abbreviated tPA or PLAT) is a protein involved in the breakdown of blood clots

57

vénula

venule; a very small vein, especially one collecting blood from the capillaries

58

sickle

hoz

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