Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 9: Orthopedics & Rheumatology Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 9: Orthopedics & Rheumatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 5: Medical Specialties. Subgroup 9: Orthopedics & Rheumatology Deck (53):
1

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)

Ligamento cruzado anterior

2

Hamstring

Tendón de la corva

3

Hip subluxation

Subluxación de la cadera

4

Patella

Rótula. Kneecap

5

Knee pads/protectors or braces

Rodilleras

6

Pes plano valgus

Pies plano valgus. AKA flat feet

7

Pins

Clavos

8

Spine

Espina dorsal, columna vertebral

9

Spinal asymetry

Asimetría espinal

10

Spiral fracture

Fractura espiral

11

Sprain

Esguince, torcedura

12

Tibial torsion

Torsión tibial

13

Tear

Desgarro

14

Range of motion

Amplitud de movimiento

15

Genu varum

Piernas arqueadas, piernas en arco bow legs

16

Genu valgum

Genu valgo, knock-kneed, patizambo, chueco

17

femoral anteversion

anteversión femoral

18

arches

arcos

19

brace

corrector ortopédico, aparato ortopédico

20

bone fusion

fusión ósea

21

casting series

yeso seriado

22

crack

fisura

23

femoral torsion

torsión femoral

24

splint

férula, entablillado

25

sling

cabestrillo

26

growth plate

placas de crecimiento

27

limp

cojera; cojear, renguear, renquear

28

casted (in a cast)

enyesado

29

make a muscle

flexionar el músculo

30

walk with unsteady gait

andar de manera inestable

31

joint

articulación

32

carpal tunnel syndrome

síndrome del tunel carpiano

33

crack (noise of joint)

tronar

34

Ankylosing spondylitis

AKA bamboo spine or poker spine. Inflamm & stiffness of spine & pelvic joints. Joints fuse together.

35

Titer anticuerpo antinuclear

ANA titer; The antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is used as a primary test to help evaluate a person for autoimmune disorders that affect many tissues and organs throughout the body (systemic) and is most often used as one of the tests to help diagnose systemic lupus erythematosus

36

artrodial

arthrodial; a joint, as in the carpal articulations, in which the surfaces glide over each other in movement.

37

artografía

arthography

38

astilla ósea

bone splinter

39

fractura conminuta

comminuted fracture; A fracture in which the bone has broken into several pieces

40

cóndilartrosis

condylarthrosis; A joint formed by condylar surfaces, such as the knee

41

cóndilo

condyle; is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint - an articulation with another bone. It is one of the markings/features of bones, and can refer to: On the femur, in the knee joint

42

fractura en martillo

mallet fracture

43

fractura patológica

pathologic fracture; caused by disease that led to weakness of the bone structure. This process is most commonly due to osteoporosis, but may also be due to other pathologies such as: cancer, infection, inherited bone disorders,or a bone cyst.

44

fractura por estallamiento

blow out fracture; one or more of the bones surrounding the eye and is commonly referred to as an orbital floor fracture.

45

fractura con hundimiento

depressed fracture

46

fractura en cuña

wedge fracture

47

fractura expuesta

open fracture

48

fractura por compresión

compressed fracture

49

Fractura de raya fina

Hairline fracture

50

sequestrum o secuestro

Sequestrum; piece of dead bone that has become separated during the process of necrosis from normal or sound bone

51

lupus eritematoso sistémico

systemic lupus erythematosus

52

Antinuclear antibody (ANA)

anticuerpo antinuclear

53

rheumatoid factor

factor reumatoide

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