Topic Exam 2 (Ch 7-8) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic Exam 2 (Ch 7-8) Deck (30):
1

_____ should be administered to patients with difficulty breathing and adequate TV

oxygen via nonrebreathing mask at 12-15 lpm

2

an MDI delivers _____ every time it is used

the same amount of medication

3

the _____ maneuver should be used to open the airway of an unresponsive patient with suspected trauma

jaw-thrust

4

when given to patients with cardiac-related chest pain, nitroglycerin

relaxes the walls of the coronary arteries

5

when you use the palpation method to obtain BP the measurement you obtain is the

systolic BP

6

the lower number in a BP represents

the ventricles relaxing/diastole

7

upon arrival at a potentially unsafe scene you should

ensure that you are safe

8

a pulse with a consistent pattern is said to be

regular

9

a 49 year male with an extensive cardiac history presents with 2 hours of crushing chest pain and shortness of breath. he is pale and diaphoretic and tells you that he feels like he is going to die. his medications include nitro, viagra, and vasotec. his bp is 140/90 mmHg and his heart rate is 110 BPM. in addition to administering 100% oxygen you should

ask him if he took his viagra within the past 72 hours

10

after taking benadryl for an allergic reaction a person begins experiencing drowsiness and a dry mouth. these findings are an example of a

side effect

11

when assessing motor function in a conscious patient's lower extremities you should expect the patient to ____ his or her toes on command

wiggle

12

nitro is usually given by the EMT ____

sublingually

13

the MOI may allow you to predict the

severity of the patient's injuries

14

epinephrine is secreted by the _____, ____ passages in the lungs, ___ blood vessels

secreted by the adrenal glands, dilates passages in the lungs, constricts blood vessels

15

___ is the most rapidly acting medication administration route

IV

16

an MAD is used to deliver medications via the

intranasal route

17

during the primary assessment circulation is evaluated by assessing what 3 things

1. pulse quality
2. external bleeding
3. skin cct

18

which of the following does NOT involve the presence of any symptoms:
a. a 44 year old male with abdominal pain and severe dizziness
b. a 49 year old female with blurred vision and ringing ears
c. a 55 year old male with a severe headache and 2 days of nausea
d. a 61 year old female who is unconscious with facial cyanosis

d. a 61 year old female who is unconscious with facial cyanosis

19

low blood glucose level is

hypoglycemia

20

in NY an EMT may administer aspirin to a chest pain patient if _____, _____, and _____

the patient has no allergy to it, has no GI bleeding, and isn't taking blood thinning medications

21

bluish tint to skin is called

cyanosis

22

the MOST effective way to determine whether your patient's problem is medical or traumatic is to

perform a careful and thorough assessment

23

reassessment is performs to determine all of the following EXCEPT:
a. the reason why the patient called EMS
b. the patient's response to your treatment
c. whether or not the patient is deteriorating
d. the nature of any newly identified problems

a. the reason why the patient called EMS

24

aspirin is beneficial to patients suspected of having a heart attack because it

prevents the aggregation of platelets

25

during an EMS call you should take _____ upon exiting the ambulance but before actual patient contact

standard precautions

26

a patient who does not respond to your questions but moves or cries out when his or her trapezius muscle is pinched is said to be

responsive to painful stimuli

27

a drug is contraindicated for a patient when it may ____ or have no ______

may cause harm or have no positive effect

28

the epinephrine auto injector delivers a _____

preset amount of the drug

29

_______ is the study of drugs and their actions on the body

pharmacology

30

the goal of the full body scan during the secondary assessment is to

locate injuries not found in the primary assessment