Toxin/Overdose - Antidote/Treatment/Intervention Flashcards Preview

1 Nexus Review USMLE > Toxin/Overdose - Antidote/Treatment/Intervention > Flashcards

Flashcards in Toxin/Overdose - Antidote/Treatment/Intervention Deck (32):
1

Acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine,
4 hour blood level

2

Acid/Alkali

Endoscopy

3

Amatoxin (mushrooms)

HIGH dose Penicillin (mechanism is competitive)

4

Anticholinesterases
Organophosphates

Strip and Wash
Atropine
Pralidoxime

5

Antimuscarinic/
Anticholinergic

Physostigmine

6

Arsenic
Mercury
Gold
Selenium
Telurium

Succimer
Dimercaprol

7

Beta Blockers

Glucagon

8

Barbiturates
(PhenoBARBITol)

Urine alkinization
Dialysis
Activated charcoal

9

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

10

Black widow bite

Calcium gluconate
Methocarbamol

11

Carbon Monoxide

100% Oxygen
Hyperbaric O2 at >20% CO Sats

12

Copper

Penicillamine
Trientine
Dimercaprol
EDTA

13

Arsenic
Lead
Gold

Penicillamine

14

Cyanide

Amyl Nitrate
Na Nitrate
Na thiosulfate

15

Digitalis

STOP drug
Normalize K+
Lidocaine
Anti-dig Fab

16

Ethylene Glycol

Calcium Gluconate
EtOH
Fomepizole
Dialysis

17

Heparin

Protamine Sulfate

18

Iron

Deferoxamine

19

Isoniazid (INH)

Pyridoxine

20

Lead

Succimer
CaEDTA
Dimercaprol

21

Magnesium
(Mag Sulfate or Mag Hydroxide)

Calcium Gluconate
Diuretics
Dialysis

22

Methanol
Ethalene Glycol

EtOH
Fomepizole
Dialysis

23

Methemoglobin

Methylene Blue
High dose Vitamin C
Anti-oxidants

24

Opioids

Naloxone
Watch:
- Respiratory Rate,
- PaCO2,
- O2 Sat

25

PCP (Phencyclidine)

NG Suction
Benzos
Haldol ONLY if stable & mild

26

Salicylates

Urine alkinization
Dialysis
Activated charcoal

27

Serotonin Syndrome

Cyproheptadine

28

Sulfonylurea
(Glipizide, Glimepiride)

Glucose
Octreotide (Somatostatin)

29

TCA

Bicarb for QRS
2nd line Lidocaine
Benzo for seizures
Cardiac monitor

30

Theophylline

Activated charcoal
Benzo for seizures

31

tPA
Streptokinase

Aminocaproic Acid

32

Warfarin

Vitamin K
FFP if bleeding or for surgery