Translation and the genetic code Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Translation and the genetic code Deck (11):
1

Beadle and Tatum

one gene one enzyme

2

Macromolecules in translation

ribosome
amino-acyl synthetases
tRNA molecules
soluble proteins
mRNA as blueprint

3

pro. ribosome

5S, 23S, 16S
30s subunit, 50s subunit
70S

4

eu. ribosome

5s, 5.8s, 28s, 18s
60s subunit, 40s subunit
80s

5

tRNAs

adapters between a.a and the codons in mRNA

6

rRNAs

structural backbone and catalyst in translation

7

A site

aminoacyl tRNA binding site

8

P site

peptidyl tRNA binding site

9

E site

tRNA exit site

10

what do you need for translation initiation in prok.

30s subunit of ribosome
initiator tRNA
mRNA
initiation factors: IF-1, IF-2, IF-3
GTP
50s subunit

11

shine-dalgarno

5'AGGAGG3'
3'UCCUCC5'