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Hannah RAD III > Trauma Worksheet > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trauma Worksheet Deck (35):
1

Define trauma

A severe injury or damage to the body caused by an accident or violence

2

how does a level I trauma center differ from a level IV trauma center?

Level I trauma centers provide the most comprehensive medical and emergency care, whereas level IV trauma centers provide care for basic injuries and can assess and stabilize patients for transfer to a larger trauma center

3

Within how many feet form the x-ray tube should appropriate shielding be provided to patients on nearby stretchers when performing mobile radiography?

6 feet

4

From the list below, circle the symptoms of shock that can be readily observed by a tech

a-cool, clammy skin
d-Excessive sweating
e-Increased drowsiness

5

Concerning providing information to key personnel what procedure should a tech perform if it is necessary to deviate from the routine projections?

Document the alterations for the referring physician and radiologist

6

What should be the first projection performed for a trauma patient with a cervical injury?

d-CT head with and without contrast

7

when is it necessary to perform the lateral projection for the cervicothoracic region?

when the entire cervical spine and the interspace between C7 and T1 is not well demonstrated with the lateral projection

8

what condition must be met before attempting to move the patient's arms for the lateral projection of the cervicothoracic region, dorsal decubitus position?

Permission is granted from the attending physician after review of the lateral projection

9

when performing the lateral projection for the cervicothoracic region, dorsal decubitus position, on a patient who cannot move the shoulder closer to the x-ray tube, the central ray may be angled __________

Caudally

10

when performing the lateral projection of the cervicothoracic region,dorsal decubitus position, what is the purpose for using a long exposure time with the patient breathing normally?

To blur rib shadows

11

when performing the anteroposterior (AP) axial projection on a patient who is NOT on a backboard or x-ray table, who should lift the patient's head and neck so that a tech can position the image receptor (IR) under the patient?

the attending physician

12

when performing the AP axial ablique projection for cervical vertebrae, why should you not use a grid IR?

the compound central ray angle will cause grid cutoff

13

when performing the AP axial oblique projection for cervical vertebrae on a supine trauma, how should the central ray be directed with a nongrid IR?

at a compound angle of 15 to 20 degrees cephalad and 45 degrees lateromedially

14

when performing the AP axial oblique projection for cervical vertebrae on a supine trauma patient, where should the central ray enter the patient?

slightly lateral to the midsagittal plane at the level of the thyroid cartilage, and passing through C4

15

when demostrating lumbar vertebrae on a trauma patient who is supine on a backboard, what should be the first projection performed?

Lateral projection, dorsal decubitus position

16

when performing the lateral projection for thoracic vertebrae on a trauma patient who is supine on a backboard, how should the central ray be directed?

Horizontal and perpendicular to the center of the IR

17

when performing the AP projection of the abdomen on a trauma patient, what should be obtained before moving the patient to the rad table?

Permission from the attending physician to transfer the patient to the radiographic table

18

Circle the signs that require the tech to immediately notify the ED physician

a
c
d
e

19

When performing the AP projection of the abdomen on a trauma patient on a gurney, why must the grid IR be perfectly horizontal and the central ray directed perpendicularly to the IR?

to prevent grid cutoff and image distortion

20

when performing the AP projection of the abdomen left lateral decubitus position, why should the patient be placed in the left lateral recumbent position for at least 5 minutes before making the exposure?

to allow any free air to rise and be visualized

21

The type of shock that radiographers should be aware of when imaging patients with pelvic fracture is:

hemorrhagic shock

22

what action should a tech initiate if a head trauma patient has unequal pupils or experiences a decrease in the level of consciousness?

Immediately alert the attending physician

23

when performing the acanthioparietal projection, reverse Waters method, for facial bones on s supine trauma patient, how should the infraorbitomeatal line (IOML) be positioned with reference to the IR?

Approximately perpendicular

24

what is the general rule concerning demonstrating adjacent joints when radiographing long bones on trauma patients?

Always include both joints

25

what is the general rule concerning immobilization devices when radiographing upper and lower limbs on trauma patients?

Do not remove unless directed to do so by the attending physician

26

Define the following abbreviations (26-35):

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

27

MVA

Motor vehicle accident

28

GSW

Gunshot wound

29

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

30

ED

Emergency department

31

OML

Orbitomeatal line

32

IOML

Inffraorbitomeatal line

33

MML

Mentomeatal line

34

IVU

Intravenous urography

35

EAM

External acoustic meatus