Trimester Test 1 Flashcards Preview

Krol > Trimester Test 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trimester Test 1 Deck (80):
1

Who are the 3 sources validating the life of Jesus?

Pagans, Jews, and Christians

2

What are Gospels?

New testament, primarily the Bible

3

What are the Epistles?

Epistles of St. Paul, or letters from St. Paul

4

What are the 3 things CS Lewis says according to his trilemma?

Jesus is either: Lord, Lunatic, Liar

5

Who is Herod?

Killing of innocents; also known as "The Great"

6

Who is Augustus?

Emperor when Jesus was born

7

Where was Jesus born?

Bethlehem

8

What are parables?

The four gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, used parables to tell the story of Jesus' ministry

9

What are the miracles Jesus made to demonstrate the power of God?

Water to wine, expelling demons, curing the sick, and raising the dead

10

What is so important about the Sermon on the Mount?

That is where most points of Jesus' teachings appeared

11

Kingdom of Heaven?

A promised afterlife

12

Apostles

Paul

13

Who is the Pontius Pilate?

Was a Roman Prefect, sentenced Jesus to death

14

What is the importance of Easter?

The day Jesus rose from the dead

15

What is the importance of Easter?

The day Jesus rose from the dead

16

What is the Pentecost?

Coming of Holy Spirit, birth of the church

17

Who was Paul?

Jewish prosecutor of Christians

18

Who was Paul AT FIRST?

A Jewish Pharisee and a Roman Citizen

19

What did Paul see on his road to Damascus?

He had a vision where Christ asked him why he persecutes him, which caused Paul to convert to Christianity

20

How and why did Paul die?

He was beheaded because he was accused of plotting revolt; ultimately found guilty

21

Who were martyrs?

Someone who dies for their faith

22

Why would someone be martyred?

If you didn't convert to the Roman religion you were martyred

23

What did most martyrs become?

Saints

24

How was Diocletian's tetrarchy organized?

into a Four-emperor system

25

What does "Dominus" mean?

Lord and Master

26

Who changed their title to "Dominus"?

Diocletian

27

What was the Battle of Milvian Bridge?

In 312, Constantine attacked Maxentius and defeated and killed him

28

What was the Edict of Milan?

Brought persecutions to an end, decreed religious freedom for Christians, and returned confiscated Christian property (

29

Why was the Edict of Milan created, and who created it?

Constantine; to show his support for Christianity, created in 312 AD

30

What is the difference between Arianism and the Trinity?

Arianism is where they believe that the Father is greater than the son and the Son is greater than the Holy Spirit: the Trinity believes that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are all equal

31

What is the ecumenical council?

It settled the dispute of the Trinity and the Arianism

32

What is the Nicene Creed?

It believed that Arianism is heresy, and a Roman model of church hierarchy

33

What are the improvements made to Constantinople?

Own imperial administration and officials, new senators, purely Christian city, built churches

34

Who is St. Ambrose of Milan?

Baptized Augustine

35

What was Augustine's childhood like?

North African

36

What was Augustine's conversions like?

He committed to compete devotion, and was baptized by St. Ambrose of Milan

37

What is the "City of God"?

A book written by Augustine

38

What is "Confessions"?

A book written by Augustine: "Most important autobiography to survive from Antiquity" (Page 187)

39

What is Augustine's "Just War" Theory?

The decision to go to war and how to act within war

40

What are the steps to Augustine's "Just War" Theory?

Just Authority, Just Cause, Right Intention, Last Resort

41

What does "jus ad bellum" mean?

Right to war: just cause, probability of success, last resort

42

What does "jus in bello" mean?

Laws of War: distinction, proportionality, military necessity

43

What were some of the military troubles?

Not having control over army, named commanders as emperors, killed emperors to get donatives

44

What were some of the economic factors?

value of coins decreased, cost of good went up, inflation

45

What were some of the economic factors?

value of coins decreased, cost of good went up, inflation

46

What was the problem with foreign invasions?

Franks on lower Rhine, Alamanni of upper Rhine, Goths living in the North, Parthians were overthrown, Persian start war with the Roman Empire

47

What happened in 410 AD?

SACK OF ROME

48

What was the connection between Justinian and Theodora?

married, Theodora=most trusted advisor

49

Who were the monophysites?

they believed that Christ has only one nature, divine, NOT human

50

What happened during the territorial expansion?

Justinian recaptured territory: Crimea, North Africa, and Italy

51

What was the Nika Revolt?

Revolts between the Blues and the Greens

52

What happened during the restoration of Constantinople?

Became new center of Rome, Justinian recaptured territory, and constructed churches and monument

53

What is the first part of Justinian's code?

Codex: it clarified and updated past imperial statues

54

What is the second part of Justinian's code?

Digesta: it interpreted and updated past legal decisions

55

What is the third part of Justinian's code?

Intitutiones: handbook for lawyers

56

What is the first part of Justinian's code?

Codex: it clarified and updated past imperial statues

57

What is the second part of Justinian's code?

Digesta: it interpreted and updated past legal decisions

58

What is the third part of Justinian's code?

Intitutiones: handbook for lawyers

59

What is the fourth part of Justinian's code?

Novellae: collection of Justinian laws issued after publication of the codex

60

What is Muhammad considered?

The Last Prophet

61

What tribe was Muhammad part of?

Quraysh

62

What did Muhammad establish?

rituals and practices of Muslim life-Hadith

63

What was the Great Schism of 451?

Historical split between Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Church

64

What were the post-schism churches?

m

65

What is the Kaaba?

BBC (Big Black Cube), direction of power (Salat), is a pilgrim shrine, believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham

66

What is the Quraysh tribe?

in Mecca, Muhammad was part of it

67

Who is Allah?

God; One God

68

What does the word "Islam" mean?

submission

69

What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?

Shahada-Faith, Hajj-Pilgrimage to Mecca, Zakat-Charity, Salat-Prayer, Sawm Ramadan-fasting

70

What is the Hadith?

Prophet Muhammad's words?

71

Who are the first 4 caliphs?

Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali

72

Who are the first 4 caliphs?

Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali

73

What started the Sunni/Shia split?

dispute over who would rule after prophet Muhammad's death

74

What was a mosque?

place of worship for followers of Islam

75

What was a minaret?

distinctive architectural feature of Islamic mosques

76

What was a muezzin?

the crier who calls the faithful to prayer 5 times a day

77

What are the 5 Pillars of Islam?

Shahada-Faith, Hajj-Pilgrimage to Mecca, Zakat-Charity, Salat-Prayer, Sawm Ramadan-fasting

78

What was a minbar?

a pulpit on the mosque where the imam stands to deliver sermons

79

What was a madrassa?

a muslim school, college, or university that is often part of a mosque

80

What was the Great Schism of 1054?

Leo excommunicate Cerulius and then Cerulius excommunicated Leo and split the churches