Trimester Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Trimester Test 2 Deck (39):
1

Middle Ages definition?

fall of roman empire to beginning of renaissance

2

synonyms of Middle Ages?

medieval, dark ages

3

characteristics of middle ages?

lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.

4

Organization of the church

Roman Catholic Church, hierarchy

5

Diocese

a district under the pastoral care of a bishop in the Christian Church

6

Parish

overseen by bishops

7

Cathedral

a district under the pastoral care of a bishop in the Christian Church

8

Tithe

1/10 of proceeds or earnings taken by the church

9

Secular

denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis

10

Dogma

doctrine

11

Papacy

Pope's authority

12

Papal States

Rome's Pope ruled these

13

Pope Gregory the Great

dispatched missionaries to northern Europe and wrote theological works and biographies

14

Accomplishments of Pope Gregory the Great

converted King Aethelbert to Christianity, became archbishop of Canterbury

15

Gregorian Chant

by Irish monks

16

Divine office

daily schedule for monks

17

Monasticism

religious way of life

18

Asceticism

severe self-discipline for religious reasons

19

Illuminated manuscripts

Book of Kells

20

Cloister

monastic establishment

21

where did st patrick study?

france

22

what did st patrick use to teach the trinity?

shamrock

23

who did st patrick convert?

irish to christianity

24

How did the Irish save civilization?

through preservation of classical manuscripts

25

Charles "the Hammer" Martel

wins battle of tours

26

Pepin the Short

son of charles martel, begins carolingian dynasty

27

Charlemagne

also known as Charles the Great; king of Lombards

28

Missi Dominici

"royal emissaries"

29

Alcuin of York

Bishop of York; revives study of liberal arts, conforms liturgy to Roman Mass, chosen to direct palace school (Aachen)

30

Trivium/quadrivium

seven liberal arts

31

who did st patrick convert?

irish to christianity

32

Final Victory of Hundred Years War

French

33

Pope Leo III

crowned charlemagne emperor on christmas day 800

34

Vassal

man of combat who swore oath

35

Fief

unit of property

36

Serf

peasants who's residence on a plot of land cultivated for lord

37

simony; benefice

purchasing church positions

38

clunaic reform

standard for austerity; celibacy, literature, end simony

39

cistericans

st bernard of claireaux