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American History - 8. Political Developments 1945-1960 > Truman > Flashcards

Flashcards in Truman Deck (7)
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1

What were Truman's aims for his presidency?

He was convinced that America was the worlds best chance at peacemaking and believed that this opportunity could be best realised if the USA could develop a political and social system that could act as an example to the rest of the world. He also hoped to broaden the scope of the New Deal, and propose a wide range of housing and health care reforms in order to do so

2

FULL EMPLOYMENT BILL
What year?
What did it state?
However...

FULL EMPLOYMENT BILL 1945
The bill declared employment to be a right, and required the government to ensure that jobs would be available, as well as...
- Increasing the dole
- Increasing minimum wage
- Offering farm price supports
- Proposing a public works programme
HOWEVER... although the bill had the right intentions, it was limited by congress, who watered down many of Trumans proposals

3

LABOUR RELATIONS
What impact did WW2 have?

WW2 created inflation, who in turn encouraged union leaders to call strikes demanding higher wages

4

LABOUR RELATIONS
- What conference did Truman call in 1945?
- Give 2 examples of strikes that occurred?

- NOV 1945 - Truman called a labour management conference in order to prevent strike action but no agreement was reached
- APRIL 1945 - United mine workers strike for pay
- MAY 1945 - railroad strikes

5

LABOUR RELATIONS
what was Truman's response to labour strikes and what did this demonstrate?

In response to the strikes of 1945, Truman announced that railroad workers would be conscripted and the army would instead run the railroad.
Was also prepare to introduce anti-strike legislation with severe penalties
This demonstrated the governments continued hostility towards labour

6

THE TAFT-HARTLEY BILL

TAFT-HARTLEY BILL
Made labour unions liable for violations of contracts and prevented them from insisting that all workers must be unionised
However, Truman vetoed this through fear of losing labour support, but congress passed it anyway

7

What was THE FAIR DEAL?

In 1959, Truman declare that 'every segment of our population and every individual has the right to expect a fair deal from our government'
- Although much of this was limited by congress, Truman was successful in implementing an increased minimum wage, extending the social security act ams offering houses to the poor