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Flashcards in Tuscany Deck (113):
1

In what year was the Chianti zone first delimited, and by whom?

1716
Cosimo III de Medici

2

Who was responsible for the creation of Sassicaia?

Marquis Mario Rocchetta

3

What was the first vintage for Sassicaia?

1968

4

Who created Tignanello?

Piero Antinori

5

What was the first vintage for Tignanello?

1971

6

Describe the climate of Tuscany.

Maritime influence, continental
Long hot summers, harsh winters

7

What is the primary grape of Tuscany?

Sangiovese

8

Name two indigenous blending partners for Sangiovese in Tuscany.

Canaiolo
Colorino

9

Traditionally, what kind of oak was used for aging Tuscan wines?

Slavonian oak

10

True/False: Sangiovese is the most planted red varietal in Italy.

True

11

What is the most planted white grape in Italy?

Trebbiano Toscano

12

Name the most common blending partner for Trebbiano Toscano.

Malvasia

13

In what year was Chianti promoted to DOCG status?

1984

14

The area deliminted by Cosimo III de Medici is now known as what?

Chianti Classico

15

Name the 8 subregions of Chianti.

Classico
Rufina
Colli Fiorentini
Colli Senesi
Colline Pisane
Colli Aretini
Montalbano
Montespertoli

16

In what year was Montespertoli added to the subzones of Chianti?

1997

17

Of Chianti's 8 subzones, which two are considered the most consistent?

Classico
Rufina

18

Within what Chinati zone is Pomino DOC located?

Rufina

19

Name two top producers in Pomino DOC.

Frescobaldi
Fattoria Selvapiana

20

What differentiates Pomino DOC from Chianti DOCG?

Pomino DOC allows more international varieties in the blend (greater percentage)

21

What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required for Chianti DOCG?

70%

22

Name the subzone of Chianti that requires a minimum 75% Sangiovese.

Colli Senesi

23

True/False: Chianti DOCG requires white grapes to be a part of the blend.

False
Blending white grapes is now optional.

24

Describe the purpose of "governo."

1) Induce malolactic fermentation

2) Strengthen the wine

25

What is implied when a bottle has "Governo all'uso Toscano" listed on the label?

The wine was refermented with the juice from dried grapes.

26

When in Chianti normale allowed to be released?

March 1st of the year following harvest.

27

Chianti DOCG subzones from what province require longer aging than standard normale bottlings?

Firenze

28

Name the 3 Chianti DOCG subzones that are wholly located within Firenze.

Rufina
Colli Fiorentini
Montespertoli

29

For how long must Chianti riserva be aged prior to release?

2 years from January 1st following the harvest

30

What is the minimum abv required for Chianti Superiore?

12%

31

Name the 4 villages that comprise the Chianti Classico zone.

Radda
Gaiole
Castellina
Greve

32

What are the dominant soil types found in Chianti?

Galesto - soft marl
Alberese - sandstone

33

A minimum _____ % Sangiovese required in the Chianti Classico blend.

80%

34

True/False: White grapes may be blended in Chianti Classico DOCG.

False.
They've been banned since 2006

35

For how long must Chianti Classico wines be aged prior to release?

Until October 1st of the year following harvest (about 1 year)

36

What is the required elevage for wines labelled Chianti Classico Riserva?

2 years from January 1st following the harvest, with 3 months in bottle

37

What term denotes a wine from Chianti Classico aged 30 months from January 1st following the harvest?

Gran Selezione

38

In what year was Gran Selezione approved for Chianti Classico DOCG?

2013

39

In what year was Brunello di Montalcino established as a DOCG?

1980

40

Who is credited with creating the "Brunello style"?

Clemente Santi

41

In what year was Brunello first bottled?

1865

42

In what year was Brunello Riserva first released?

1888

43

With which famous estate is Clemente Santi associated?

Tenuta Greppo
Biondi-Santi

44

What clone of Sangiovese is authorized for the production of Brunello di Montalcino?

Sangiovese Grosso
(aka Brunello)

45

Normale bottlings of Brunello must be aged for how long?

Minimum 2 years in cask, 4 months in bottle

May not be released until Jan 1st of 5th year following harvest

46

What is the minimum elevage for Brunello Riserva wines?

Minimum 2 years in cask, 6 months in bottle

May not be released until Jan 1st of the 6th year following harvest

47

What soil type is found in the higher altitude vineyards of Brunello?

Galestro

48

What soil type is found in the lower lying vineyards of Brunello?

Clay, marine sediments

49

What is a frazione?

A sub-commune/suburb

50

What are the 3 frazioni of Montalcino?

Sant Angelo in Colle
Castelnuovo
Torrenieri

51

Name 2 modernist producers of Brunello.

Mastrojanni
Casanova di Neri

52

Name 3 traditionalist producers of Brunello.

Biondi-Santi
Solera
Talenti

53

True/False: The zone of production for Rosso di Montalcino is the same as that for Brunello di Montalcino.

True

54

What does the term "vigna" indicate on a bottle?

A single vineyard wine

55

When may Rosso di Montalcino be released?

September 1st of the year following harvest.

56

True/False: The elevage for Rosso di Montalcino calls for maturation in cask.

False

57

True/False: Rosso di Montalcino may be a non-vintage blend.

False.
It must always be vintage dated.

58

What denominazione exists for "Super Tuscan" styled wines from Montalcino?

Sant'Antimo DOC

59

What varietals are permitted under Sant'Antimo DOC?

Any grapes authorized for wine production in Tuscany.

60

What styles of wine are permitted under the Moscadello di Montalcino DOC?

Still (tranquillo)
Frizzante (slight sparkling)
Late Harvest (Vendemmia Tardiva)

61

The Montalcino zone overlaps what sub-zone of Chianti?

Colli Senesi

62

In relation to Montalcino, where is Montepulciano located?

East

63

In what year was Vino Nobile di Montepulciano awarded DOCG status?

1980

64

What clone of Sangiovese is found in Montepulciano?

Prugnolo Gentile

65

What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required for Vino Nobile di Montepuciano wines?

70%

66

What is the maximum permitted amount of white grapes in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano?

5%

67

What is the elevage for Vino Nobile di Montepulciano normale?

2 years
-24 months in wood
-18 months wood, 6 other
-12 months wood, 6 other, 6 other

68

What is the elevage for Vino Nobile di Montepulciano riserva?

3 years, including 6 months in bottle

69

What are the principal soils found in the Montepulciano region?

Volcanic
Sandstone

70

Where is Morellino di Scansano located in Tuscany?

Southern Maremma
Along the coast

71

Wines from Morellino di Scansano must contain what percentage of Sangiovese?

At least 85%

72

Is Carmignano DOCG a low or high altitude zone?

Low altitude

73

Carmignano DOCG overlaps what sub zone of Chianti?

Montalbano

74

What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required for Carmignano wines?

50%

75

True/False: Carmignano DOCG requires Cabernet in the blend.

True.
10-20% Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc

76

Rosso della Val di Cornia DOCG specifically excludes what red varietal?

Aleatico

77

What is the dominant varietal of Suvereto Rosso?

Cabernet Sauvignon

78

What is considered the original "Super Tuscan", and who created it?

Sassicaia
Marquis Mario Rocchetta

79

In what year was Sassicaia first released?

1968

80

From where in Maremma does Sassicaia come?

Bolgheri
Northern Maremma

81

In what year was Tignanello first released?

1971

82

Who created Tignanello?

Piero Antinori

83

As of 1982, how much Sangiovese is used in the Tignanello blend?

At least 85%

84

What two other varietals are blended with Sangiovese to make Tignanello?

Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Franc

85

What is the name of Antinori's Cabernet-based Super Tuscan?

Solaia

86

Masseto is produced solely from what grape?

Merlot

87

Who produces Paleo Rosso?

Le Macchiole

88

What is the sole varietal of Paleo Rosso?

Cabernet Franc

89

Name 3 Super Tuscans that are entirely made from Sangiovese, and their respective producers.

Vigorello - San Felice
Le Pergole Torte - Montevertine
Cepparello - Isole e Olena

90

What is the leading white varietal of Bolgheri DOC?

Vermentino

91

Name the 3 red grapes that may be produced as varietal wines in Bolgheri DOC.

Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Franc
Merlot

92

Aside from the 3 grapes that may be produced varietally, name 2 other important red grapes in Bolgheri DOC.

Sangiovese
Syrah

93

What is the mandated elevage for wines labelled Bolgheri Superiore?

2 years, with 1 in barrique

94

In what year was Bolgheri Sassicaia recognized as a legal subzone of Bolgheri?

1983

95

In what year was Bolgheri Sassicaia awarded its own DOC?

2013

96

What is the minimum percentage of Cabernet required for Bolgheri Sassicaia wines?

80%

97

For how long must wines from Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC be aged in barrique?

18 months

98

Where is Elba located?

12 miles of the Maremma coast

99

What DOCG zone was approved in 2011 for Elba?

Elba Aleatico Passito

100

Aleatico may be related to what other grape?

Muscat a Petit Grains Blanc - possible red-skinned mutation

101

Name the only white wine DOCG of Tuscany.

Vernaccia di San Gimignano

102

In what province is San Gimignano located?

Sienna

103

What soils characterize San Gimignano?

Sandy soils

104

Name 3 white grapes commonly used in the production of Vin Santo.

Trebbiano
Malvasia
Grechetto

105

What is the name given to rosé Vin Santo wines?

Occhio di Pernice

106

What is the main red varietal used in Occhio di Pernice wines?

Sangiovese

107

Vin Santo is traditionally aged in what type of barrel?

Caratelli

108

How large are caratelli barrels?

50-225L

109

What species of wood is traditionally used to make caratelli barrels?

Chestnut

110

What is the most prominent denomination for Vin Santo wines?

Vin Santo del Chianti DOC

111

For how long are grapes used in Vin Santo production usually dried?

Until December 1st (at least)

112

True/False: Vin Santo wines may either be dry or sweet.

True.
It's dependent on the length of the appassimiento process

113

True/False: Vin Santo wines may be fortified.

True
If they are, they must be labelled "liquoroso"