Flashcards in Tuscany Deck (113):
In what year was the Chianti zone first delimited, and by whom?
Cosimo III de Medici
Who was responsible for the creation of Sassicaia?
Marquis Mario Rocchetta
What was the first vintage for Sassicaia?
Who created Tignanello?
What was the first vintage for Tignanello?
Describe the climate of Tuscany.
Maritime influence, continental
Long hot summers, harsh winters
What is the primary grape of Tuscany?
Name two indigenous blending partners for Sangiovese in Tuscany.
Traditionally, what kind of oak was used for aging Tuscan wines?
True/False: Sangiovese is the most planted red varietal in Italy.
What is the most planted white grape in Italy?
Name the most common blending partner for Trebbiano Toscano.
In what year was Chianti promoted to DOCG status?
The area deliminted by Cosimo III de Medici is now known as what?
Name the 8 subregions of Chianti.
In what year was Montespertoli added to the subzones of Chianti?
Of Chianti's 8 subzones, which two are considered the most consistent?
Within what Chinati zone is Pomino DOC located?
Name two top producers in Pomino DOC.
What differentiates Pomino DOC from Chianti DOCG?
Pomino DOC allows more international varieties in the blend (greater percentage)
What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required for Chianti DOCG?
Name the subzone of Chianti that requires a minimum 75% Sangiovese.
True/False: Chianti DOCG requires white grapes to be a part of the blend.
Blending white grapes is now optional.
Describe the purpose of "governo."
1) Induce malolactic fermentation
2) Strengthen the wine
What is implied when a bottle has "Governo all'uso Toscano" listed on the label?
The wine was refermented with the juice from dried grapes.
When in Chianti normale allowed to be released?
March 1st of the year following harvest.
Chianti DOCG subzones from what province require longer aging than standard normale bottlings?
Name the 3 Chianti DOCG subzones that are wholly located within Firenze.
For how long must Chianti riserva be aged prior to release?
2 years from January 1st following the harvest
What is the minimum abv required for Chianti Superiore?
Name the 4 villages that comprise the Chianti Classico zone.
What are the dominant soil types found in Chianti?
Galesto - soft marl
Alberese - sandstone
A minimum _____ % Sangiovese required in the Chianti Classico blend.
True/False: White grapes may be blended in Chianti Classico DOCG.
They've been banned since 2006
For how long must Chianti Classico wines be aged prior to release?
Until October 1st of the year following harvest (about 1 year)
What is the required elevage for wines labelled Chianti Classico Riserva?
2 years from January 1st following the harvest, with 3 months in bottle
What term denotes a wine from Chianti Classico aged 30 months from January 1st following the harvest?
In what year was Gran Selezione approved for Chianti Classico DOCG?
In what year was Brunello di Montalcino established as a DOCG?
Who is credited with creating the "Brunello style"?
In what year was Brunello first bottled?
In what year was Brunello Riserva first released?
With which famous estate is Clemente Santi associated?
What clone of Sangiovese is authorized for the production of Brunello di Montalcino?
Normale bottlings of Brunello must be aged for how long?
Minimum 2 years in cask, 4 months in bottle
May not be released until Jan 1st of 5th year following harvest
What is the minimum elevage for Brunello Riserva wines?
Minimum 2 years in cask, 6 months in bottle
May not be released until Jan 1st of the 6th year following harvest
What soil type is found in the higher altitude vineyards of Brunello?
What soil type is found in the lower lying vineyards of Brunello?
Clay, marine sediments
What is a frazione?
What are the 3 frazioni of Montalcino?
Sant Angelo in Colle
Name 2 modernist producers of Brunello.
Casanova di Neri
Name 3 traditionalist producers of Brunello.
True/False: The zone of production for Rosso di Montalcino is the same as that for Brunello di Montalcino.
What does the term "vigna" indicate on a bottle?
A single vineyard wine
When may Rosso di Montalcino be released?
September 1st of the year following harvest.
True/False: The elevage for Rosso di Montalcino calls for maturation in cask.
True/False: Rosso di Montalcino may be a non-vintage blend.
It must always be vintage dated.
What denominazione exists for "Super Tuscan" styled wines from Montalcino?
What varietals are permitted under Sant'Antimo DOC?
Any grapes authorized for wine production in Tuscany.
What styles of wine are permitted under the Moscadello di Montalcino DOC?
Frizzante (slight sparkling)
Late Harvest (Vendemmia Tardiva)
The Montalcino zone overlaps what sub-zone of Chianti?
In relation to Montalcino, where is Montepulciano located?
In what year was Vino Nobile di Montepulciano awarded DOCG status?
What clone of Sangiovese is found in Montepulciano?
What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required for Vino Nobile di Montepuciano wines?
What is the maximum permitted amount of white grapes in Vino Nobile di Montepulciano?
What is the elevage for Vino Nobile di Montepulciano normale?
-24 months in wood
-18 months wood, 6 other
-12 months wood, 6 other, 6 other
What is the elevage for Vino Nobile di Montepulciano riserva?
3 years, including 6 months in bottle
What are the principal soils found in the Montepulciano region?
Where is Morellino di Scansano located in Tuscany?
Along the coast
Wines from Morellino di Scansano must contain what percentage of Sangiovese?
At least 85%
Is Carmignano DOCG a low or high altitude zone?
Carmignano DOCG overlaps what sub zone of Chianti?
What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required for Carmignano wines?
True/False: Carmignano DOCG requires Cabernet in the blend.
10-20% Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc
Rosso della Val di Cornia DOCG specifically excludes what red varietal?
What is the dominant varietal of Suvereto Rosso?
What is considered the original "Super Tuscan", and who created it?
Marquis Mario Rocchetta
In what year was Sassicaia first released?
From where in Maremma does Sassicaia come?
In what year was Tignanello first released?
Who created Tignanello?
As of 1982, how much Sangiovese is used in the Tignanello blend?
At least 85%
What two other varietals are blended with Sangiovese to make Tignanello?
What is the name of Antinori's Cabernet-based Super Tuscan?
Masseto is produced solely from what grape?
Who produces Paleo Rosso?
What is the sole varietal of Paleo Rosso?
Name 3 Super Tuscans that are entirely made from Sangiovese, and their respective producers.
Vigorello - San Felice
Le Pergole Torte - Montevertine
Cepparello - Isole e Olena
What is the leading white varietal of Bolgheri DOC?
Name the 3 red grapes that may be produced as varietal wines in Bolgheri DOC.
Aside from the 3 grapes that may be produced varietally, name 2 other important red grapes in Bolgheri DOC.
What is the mandated elevage for wines labelled Bolgheri Superiore?
2 years, with 1 in barrique
In what year was Bolgheri Sassicaia recognized as a legal subzone of Bolgheri?
In what year was Bolgheri Sassicaia awarded its own DOC?
What is the minimum percentage of Cabernet required for Bolgheri Sassicaia wines?
For how long must wines from Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC be aged in barrique?
Where is Elba located?
12 miles of the Maremma coast
What DOCG zone was approved in 2011 for Elba?
Elba Aleatico Passito
Aleatico may be related to what other grape?
Muscat a Petit Grains Blanc - possible red-skinned mutation
Name the only white wine DOCG of Tuscany.
Vernaccia di San Gimignano
In what province is San Gimignano located?
What soils characterize San Gimignano?
Name 3 white grapes commonly used in the production of Vin Santo.
What is the name given to rosé Vin Santo wines?
Occhio di Pernice
What is the main red varietal used in Occhio di Pernice wines?
Vin Santo is traditionally aged in what type of barrel?
How large are caratelli barrels?
What species of wood is traditionally used to make caratelli barrels?
What is the most prominent denomination for Vin Santo wines?
Vin Santo del Chianti DOC
For how long are grapes used in Vin Santo production usually dried?
Until December 1st (at least)
True/False: Vin Santo wines may either be dry or sweet.
It's dependent on the length of the appassimiento process