Types of Production Methods Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Types of Production Methods Deck (20):
1

Mechinisation

This is when machinery is used, but labour is still required to work the machinery. For example, a combine harvester still requires a driver

2

Automation

This is when machinery is used and a computer controls it. For example, Amazon warehouse robot

3

Advantages of use of technology + machinery

-Repetitive and/or dangerous jobs can be done by machines
-Production can be flexible
-Large amounts can be made - leads to economies of scale
-Improvement in production quality

4

Disadvantages of use of technology + machinery

-Increase in technology could lead to redundancy of workers.
-Some existing staff may need retraining
-Buying machinery is expensive
-Machinery can break down - production comes to a halt

5

Job production

This method involves producing each product individually

6

Advantages of job production

-High quality because extra investment in time
-Products can be made to meet customer's specific needs
-Workers will be motivated

7

Disadvantages of job production

-Cost will be high
-Labour will need to be skilled, causing high costs

8

Batch production

When products are made in one bulk at the same stage. Products can't be made to the next stage until all products on the current stage are completed.

9

Batch production advantages

-Needs of customers can be met by making different batches of products
-Machinery can be used
-Larger quantities can be produced

10

Batch production disadvantages

-It takes a lot of time
-Tasks may become repetitive for workers, leading to demotivation
-Build up of significant "work in progress"

11

Flow/mass production

Involves a continuous movement of items through the production process. This means that when one task is done, the next one must start immediately

12

Flow production advantages

-Large amounts can be made
-Costs of production for each unit made are low
-Improvements in technology means that not all products need to be the same

13

Flow production disadvantages

-Goods are mass-produced - may not be good quality
-Large stocks of material may have to be kept, which can be expensive
-Jobs on the production line may be repetitive
-Expensive
-Machinery can break down

14

Process production

Involves a series of automated process, which when applied to a variety of of raw materials, results in a large quantity of a finished product

15

Process production advantages

-Large amounts can be made
-Most processes can be automated - keeps costs low

16

Process production disadvantages

-It is expensive

17

Division of labour

The organisation of production into a number of specialised 'simple' repetitive process

18

Specialisation

This occurs where workers specialise in carrying of simple production tasks

19

Added value

The increased worth that a business creates for a product. It is the difference between what it costs a business to produce/supply a product and the price that it is able to change for the product/service

20

Sources of added value

-Quality
-Design and formula
-Convenience
-Speed and quality of service
-Branding
-Unique Selling Point (USP)