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Flashcards in Types of Production Methods Deck (20):


This is when machinery is used, but labour is still required to work the machinery. For example, a combine harvester still requires a driver



This is when machinery is used and a computer controls it. For example, Amazon warehouse robot


Advantages of use of technology + machinery

-Repetitive and/or dangerous jobs can be done by machines
-Production can be flexible
-Large amounts can be made - leads to economies of scale
-Improvement in production quality


Disadvantages of use of technology + machinery

-Increase in technology could lead to redundancy of workers.
-Some existing staff may need retraining
-Buying machinery is expensive
-Machinery can break down - production comes to a halt


Job production

This method involves producing each product individually


Advantages of job production

-High quality because extra investment in time
-Products can be made to meet customer's specific needs
-Workers will be motivated


Disadvantages of job production

-Cost will be high
-Labour will need to be skilled, causing high costs


Batch production

When products are made in one bulk at the same stage. Products can't be made to the next stage until all products on the current stage are completed.


Batch production advantages

-Needs of customers can be met by making different batches of products
-Machinery can be used
-Larger quantities can be produced


Batch production disadvantages

-It takes a lot of time
-Tasks may become repetitive for workers, leading to demotivation
-Build up of significant "work in progress"


Flow/mass production

Involves a continuous movement of items through the production process. This means that when one task is done, the next one must start immediately


Flow production advantages

-Large amounts can be made
-Costs of production for each unit made are low
-Improvements in technology means that not all products need to be the same


Flow production disadvantages

-Goods are mass-produced - may not be good quality
-Large stocks of material may have to be kept, which can be expensive
-Jobs on the production line may be repetitive
-Machinery can break down


Process production

Involves a series of automated process, which when applied to a variety of of raw materials, results in a large quantity of a finished product


Process production advantages

-Large amounts can be made
-Most processes can be automated - keeps costs low


Process production disadvantages

-It is expensive


Division of labour

The organisation of production into a number of specialised 'simple' repetitive process



This occurs where workers specialise in carrying of simple production tasks


Added value

The increased worth that a business creates for a product. It is the difference between what it costs a business to produce/supply a product and the price that it is able to change for the product/service


Sources of added value

-Design and formula
-Speed and quality of service
-Unique Selling Point (USP)