U6 Community/Disaster Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in U6 Community/Disaster Deck (21):
1

Primary prevention

Prevention of initial occurrence of disease or injury
Nutrition counseling
Sex education
Immunizations

2

Secondary prevention

Early detection of disease & treatments with the goal of limiting severity & adverse effects
Screenings
Treatment of STDs
Treatment of TB
Control of outbreaks of communicable diseases

3

Tertiary prevention

Maximization of recovery after an injury or illness
Nutrition counseling
Rehabilitation
Case management
Support groups

4

World Health Organization (WHO)

Provides information about diseases
Establishes world standards for antibiotics & vaccines

5

Federal Health Agencies

US Department of Health & Human Services (12 depts)
CDC
FDA

6

State Health Departments

Women, Infants, & Children (WIC)
State Children's Health Insuance Program (SCHIP)

7

Airborne illnesses

Measles
Strep
Influenza
TB

8

Foodborne illnesses

E. coli
Salmonella

9

Waterborne illnesses

Hep A
Fecal contamination of water

10

Vector-borne illnesses

Mosquitos (West Nile, malaria)
Ticks (Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever)

11

Direct-contact illnesses

STDs
Mononucleosis
Impetigo
Lice
Scabies

12

Incidence

Number of new cases

13

Prevalence

Existing disease in a population at a particular time

14

Crude mortality rate

Number of deaths per 1,000 ppl

15

Infant mortality rate

Number of infants death before 1 yr of age per 1,000 ppl

16

Attack rate

Number of people at risk who develop a certain disease out of total number of people at risk

17

Epidemic

Rate of disease exceeds the usual level of condition

18

Heroic phase

Numbness
Shock

19

Honeymoon phase

Gratefulness

20

Disillusionment phase

Depression
Hopelessness
Anxiety

21

Recovery & reconstruction phase

Acceptance
Independence