UGS Quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UGS Quiz 2 Deck (30):
1

Hegemony

dominance (White America)

2

Racialism

the belief in racial superiority, inferiority, and purity based on the conviction that moral and intellectual characteristics are biological properties that differentiate between the races

3

Racism

unequal power relations that grow from the sociopolitical domination of one race by another and that result in systematic discriminatory practices

4

Institutionalized Racism

the incorporation of racist policies and practices in the institutions in which a society operates

5

Eurocentric definition of universalism

literary works have been defined as great art as "universal" and included in the canon only when they reflect European experience and conform to the style and subject matter of the European literary tradition

6

Eurocentrism

the belief that European culture is vastly superior to all others

7

Internalized racism

racism that results from the psychological programming by which a racist society indoctrinates people of color to believe in white superiority

8

Intra-racial racism

discrimination within the black community against those with darker skin and more African features

9

double consciousness or double vision

the awareness of belonging to two conflicting cultures: the African culture and the EUropean culture imposed by white America

10

Examples of Double consciousness or double vision

Ebonics, whether black authors have to decide to write for a black audience, a white audience or both

11

Everyday Racism

No longer racism that is very visible, but racism that happens on a day to day basis. For example, when a store owner or security personnel often watch, or even follow, African Americans who come into their stores.

12

Interest Convergence

racism is common in our country because it often converges with the interest of a white individual or group. For example, racism is in the financial interestof upper-class whites who exploit black laborers by paying them less than their white counterparts

13

Social Construction of Race

Country giving them a race. Italians, Jewish, and Irish people were considered nonwhite, used to be same status as African Americans

14

Intersectionality

class, sex, sexual orientation, political orientation, personal history all overlapping

15

Differential Racialism

when the dominant society racializes different minority groups at different times in response to its shifting needs

16

homophobic

loathing and feat of homosexuality

17

biological essentialism

the idea that a fixed segment of the population is naturally gay

18

social constructionism

homosexuality and heterosexuality are products of social forces

19

essentialist

minoritizing

20

constructionist

universalizing

21

homoerotic

denotes erotic depictions that imply same-sex attraction or that might appeal sexually to a same-sex reader

22

homosocial

same-sex fiendship of the kind seen in female- or male- bonding activities

23

woman-identified woman

lesbian, lesbian identify not restricted to the sexual domain but consists of directing the bulk of one's attention and emotional energy to other women

24

lesbian continuum

includes a range-through each woman's life and throughout history-of woman-identified experience, not simply the fact that a woman has had or consciously desired genital sexual experience with another woman

25

separatists

some lesbians disassociate themselves from all men and from heterosexual women or even lesbians with different views

26

gay sensibility

an awareness of being different, at least in certain ways, from the members of the mainstream, dominant culture, and the complex feelings that result from an implicit, ongoing social oppression

27

Drag

practice of dressing in women's clothing

28

queer

used to indicate a specific theoretical perspective. (used to connect the divisions)

29

gay or lesbian signs

signs created by heterosexist culture (feminine male characters, etc.) or coded signs created by the gay and lesbian culture itself

30

Same-sex "doubles"

more subtle, same-sex characters who look alike, act like, or have parallel experiences, functions as some sort of "Mirror image"