Understand how Intrinsic factors can influence the risk of injury Flashcards Preview

Cambridge National Sport Level 1/2 > Understand how Intrinsic factors can influence the risk of injury > Flashcards

Flashcards in Understand how Intrinsic factors can influence the risk of injury Deck (12):
1

Identify four intrinsic factors that can influence the risk of injury.

-Psychological factors

- Posture and Causes of Poor Posture

- Individual Variables

- Physical Preparation

2

What are the three psychological factors that can influence the risk of injury

- Arousal/anxiety levels

- Motivation

- Aggression

3

How can arousal levels increase the risk of injury?

Being overaroused- making a reckless challenge for the ball in netball

Being underaroused- not concentrating when batting in cricket and being hit with the ball

4

How can motivation affect the risk of injury?

Increase risk of injury- overtraining or wanting to train when injured could damage muscles & joints

Decrease risk of injury- greater effort put into training and rehabilitation so skill and fitness level develops. Therefore less likely to become injured

5

How can aggression affect the risk of injury?

Increase risk of injury- too aggressive and injure self or others e.g. two footed tackle in football

Decrease risk of injury- committed to sport so less likely to get hurt in contact e.g. putting head in correct position in a rugby tackle

6

Identify four causes of poor posture.

- Poor stance/gait

- Badly fitting clothing & footwear

- Fatigue

- Poor sitting position (slouching)

- Lack of exercise

- Physical defects/previous injuries

7

Name four individual variables and describe how they can increase the risk of injury

Sleep- lack of sleep leads to fatigue so recover from injury slower and make poor decisions

Flexibility- if less flexible then increased risk of muscle tears

Previous injuries- site of injury is weaker so more likely to reinjure

Gender- women have less muscle mass than men- increased risk of muscle tears and ligament damage

Age- older people (65+) are more of risk of fractures as bones are more brittle

Nutrition- overweight: increased risk of heart attacks and diabetes

               - malnourished: poor diet muscles don't repair properly more likely to suffer muscle tears

8

Name four areas of physical preparation and describe how they can increase the risk of injury.

Warm up- not warming up increases chance of muscle strains

Cool down- not cooling down means muscles will be more stiff and sore after training

Fitness levels- poor fitness levels will increase risk of injury e.g. poor strength increased risk of neck injuries in a rugby scrum

Muscle imbalances- increases risk of muscle strains e.g. footballers quadricep muscles stronger than hamstrings

Overuse injuries- training too hard and often can lead to overuse injuries (e.g. shin splints)

Unsafe Training Methods

9

Identify three injuries related to poor posture.

- Scoliosis

- Kyphosis

- Lordosis

- Rounded Shoulder

- Pelvic Tilt

10

Identify 3 symptoms and two causes of scoliosis

Symptoms

- 'S' or 'C' shaped spine

- One shoulder higher than the other

- back pain

- leaning to one side

Causes

- muscle imbalance

-overcompensating due to previous injury

- one sided activities e.g. javelin, racket sports

11

Identify 3 symptoms and two causes of kyphosis

Symptoms

- rounded upper back

- upper back pain

- forward head position

Causes

- poor sitting postion/slouching

- previous injury to spine

-muscle imbalances

12

Identify two symptoms and two causes of lordosis.

Symptoms

- excessive curve of lower back

- lower back pain

Causes

- muscle imbalances (tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors)

- overtraining