Unionism and Co-operation: New Model Unionism Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > Unionism and Co-operation: New Model Unionism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unionism and Co-operation: New Model Unionism Deck (21):
1

Define New Model Unionism

A more moderate approach to reform, larger unions, less violence and for skilled workers

2

Which Union is argued to have established New Model Unionism?

The Amalgamated Society of Engineers, est. 1852

3

Why was the ASE successful?

William Allan established a rigid administrative system including tax on members. By 1852 their funds were >£12,000
Also nationalised therefore had more support and funds

4

In what years did the ASE fund the London Builders Strike? How much did they pay?

1859-60, three separate installments of £1000

5

Which political party supported the ASE and why?

The Liberals (whigs) in order to win votes from the members

6

By 1874 how many members did the Trade Union movement have?

1 million

7

Who drove the idea of a Trades Union Congress in their newspaper the Beehive?

George Potter

8

Which printer in Sheffield drove the concept of a TUC?

William Dronfield

9

In what year was the London Trades Council formed?

1860

10

How many affiliates did the London Trades Council have by 1866?

100,000

11

Labour Parliament ideas were rejected by the London Trades Council but were picked up where?

In Sheffield. A meeting was held in 1866 with 158 delegates. Produced UK Alliance of Organised Trades.

12

Why did the UK Alliance of Organised Trades fail?

Financial Issues

13

Nicholson invited general trades congress to discuss union issues in 1868- how many attended?

34 delegates representing 118,000 members

14

When were the Bradford Boilmakers' funds stolen and what was the significance of the court case?

1867- Because previously it was assumed Unions registered under the Friendly Society act 1855 had protected funds, but they didn't- meant they needed support from elsewhere

15

In what year was the Trades Union Congress est.?

1868

16

At the second annual TUC what did A.W. Wilton propose?

A more political role for the TUC, now that the 1867 reform act meant that working men had a political influence

17

The TUC gave support to what organisation to replace the Reform League, and attempt to send working men to Parliament?

The Labour Representation League

18

Government responded positively to NMU, passing the Molestation Act in what year, doing what?

1859, giving men protesting peacefully more rights than violent protestors

19

In 1867 what act was amended as a result of the Glasgow Trades Council's campaign?

The Master and Servant Act

20

The TUC made significant grassroots efforts in what year to get working classes to vote for radical MPs?

1865

21

In what year was there a Royal Commission into Trade Unions (which meant they had legal recognition)?

1867