Unionism and Co-operation: The Growth of Co-operative activities Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > Unionism and Co-operation: The Growth of Co-operative activities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unionism and Co-operation: The Growth of Co-operative activities Deck (16):
1

When did Robert Owen take over at New Lanark?

1799

2

Which organisation did Henry Heatherington (later Chartist) set up in 1821 as a result of Robert Owen's ideas?

The Co-operative and Economical Society

3

William King was inspired to do what by Robert Owen's ideas at New Lanark?

Publish a newspaper called the Co-operator after 1827 (for two years)

4

What did the Co-operative and Economical Society do?

It attempted to encourage independent co-operative shops across the country, giving dividends to customers, and high quality, low cost goods

5

How many co-operative stores were there in the country by 1832?

500

6

What was the Labour Exchange Bazaar and how long did it last?

Exchanged goods/services rather than money... 2 years from 1832

7

When did the Rochdale Pioneers open their co-operative shop?

1844

8

What were the principles and rules the Rochdale Pioneers used to run their shop?

Transparency
Accurate measures
No credit
Elected leaders
Women could also be members and vote for leaders
Best quality

9

By 1863 how many co-operatives had been set up to operate like the Rochdale shop?

251

10

When was the Co-operative Wholesale Society set up and what was it able to do by 1868?

1863, and by 1868 it could set up international trade

11

Define Co-operative Economics

Improve business through promoting collective ownership and dividing profit equally among a group

12

By the 1850s how many stores run with co-operative economics were there?

More than 1,000

13

By the 1870s the co-operative movement had amassed property worth?

More than £300,000

14

Define Friendly Societies

Groups of people (normally a village or area of a town) group together to provide support for one another,a mutual fund (eg. Royal Forest in Yorkshire (early 18th century))

15

When was the Friendly Societies Act?

1855

16

What was the ratio of Friendly Societies to Trade Unions by 1870?

4 to 1