Unionism and Co-operation: Unions and Their Opponents Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > Unionism and Co-operation: Unions and Their Opponents > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unionism and Co-operation: Unions and Their Opponents Deck (19):
1

Why were Trade Societies originally established?

To protect the rights of the skilled workers

2

What were some features of the early Trade Societies?

Localised, not class based, only concerning a single trade

3

Name a key example of a Trade Society

London Printers, who in 1793 petitioned for an increase in their fees, had 539 signatures (it was granted)

4

Who were knobsticks?

The workers who couldn't afford to strike/needed to work, therefore ruining the effect of strike action. Some were physically attacked (eg. the Grinders Union Strike in Sheffield)

5

In what year were miners in the North involved in a huge strike?

1765

6

The French War in ____ encouraged Unions to grow because....

1793, There was economic discontent as food prices grew

7

In Wigan, weavers established a support group in what year?

1799

8

By May 1799 how many branches did the Association of Weavers have in Lancashire?

14

9

The Combination Acts ___ and ____ were only repealed in ___

1799 and 1800... 1824

10

The first Union of Unions was ______ established in 1818

The Philanthropic Hercules/Society

11

Why did the early attempts at a union of unions fail?

Because of bad structure and couldn't surmount realities and requirements

12

In 1829, John Doherty established what two organisations? How long did each last?

The Grand General Union of the Operative Spinners of Great Britain, and the National Association for the Protection of Labour (both lasted less than 2 yeas)

13

In what year were there major strikes in Lancashire including multiple industries?

1818- only ended after 5 arrests

14

In what year was The Grand National Consolidated Trades Union founded?

1834

15

What were the failures of The Grand National Consolidated Trades Union?

It encouraged use of 'The Document' by employers and failed to support strikes by it's members (eg. 1834: 1,500 mill workers went on strike and lost money), as well as having little regulation of funding (of 1 million members only 16,000 paid subs)

16

The French Revolution in ____ led to even more resistance to Trade Unions from government- fear of being overthrown

1789

17

After 1820 food prices reduced by ___ and GNP raised by ___, meaning the government could be more sympathetic towards unions

1/3, 16.8%

18

The 1823 Master Servant Act made their contract unbreakable, leading to ______ prosecutions each year from 1857-1875

10,000

19

Fear of a national union led to repression, for example:

The Tolpuddle Martyrs 1834 (under unlawful oaths act 1797)