Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (81):
Testing the truth of a proposition by careful measurement and controlled observation.
A systematic approach to answering scientific questions.
Focuses on human experience, problems, potentials, and ideals. Focuses more on free will.
An ability to evaluate, compare, analyze, critique, and synthesize information.
A Freudian based school of psychology that focuses it's study on the unconscious mind.
A mental health professional (usually a medical doctor) trained to practice psychoanalysis.
A system of ideas designed to interrelate concepts and facts in a way that summarizes existing data and predicts future observation.
The study of extra normal psychological events, such as extrasensory perception.
Emphasizes the study of thinking, learning, and perception in whole units, not by analysis into parts.
Concerned with how behavior and mental abilities help people adapt to their environment.
School that emphasizes the study of overt, observable behavior.
The scientific stuff of behavior and mental processes.
A body of knowledge gained through systematic observation and experimentation.
Combines behavioral principles with cognition (perception, thinking, anticipation) to explain behavior.
The first "talking therapy" that uses Freudian approach to psychotherapy emphasizing the exploration of unconscious conflict.
facts or information based on direct observation or experience.
An investigation that is structured so that it answers questions about the world.
To look within; to examine one's own thoughts, feelings, or sensations.
Wundt's technique of combining trained introspection with objective measurement.
Concerned with analyzing sensations and personal experience into basic elements or "building blocks"
Frame of reference
A mental or emotional perspective used for judging and evaluating events.
Positive and negative feelings held towards oneself.
Subjective perception of oneself including images of one's body, personality, capabilities, and so fourth.
Altering conditions that influence behavior in predictable ways.
The idea that human beings are capable of freely making choices or decisions.
Psychologists who accept Freud's theory but have revised it to fit their needs.
A response that is internal or hidden from view.
An action or response that is directly observable.
A reflex response that has become associated with a new stimulus, or a learned reaction to a particular stimulus.
The idea that all behavior has prior causes that would completely explain one's choices and actions if known.
An ability to accurately forecast behavior.
Darwin's theory that evolution favors those plants and animals best suited to their conditions.
Achieved when the causes of a behavior can be stated. Answers the "why" question.
The process I naming and classifying. Does not answer "why" questions.
A medical doctor with additional training in treatment of mental and emotional disorders.
Scientific study undertaken to solve immediate practical problems.
Scientific study undertaken without concern for immediate practice application.
Unspoken rules that define acceptable and expected behavior for members of a group.
The ongoing process of fully developing one's personal potential.
The idea that behavior must be judged relative to the values of the culture in which it occurs.
Observing behavior as it unfolds in natural settings.
Changes in a person's or animal's behavior brought about by an awareness of being observed.
The tendency Of an observer to distort observations or perceptions to match his or her expectations.
The error of attributing human thoughts, feelings, or motives to animals, especially as a way of explaining their behavior.
A detailed summary of observed events or a video of observed behavior; a formal log of FAA and observations
A non experimental study designed to measure the degree of relationship (I any) between two or more events, measures, or variables.
The existence of a consistent systematic relationship between two or more rents, measures, or variables.
Coefficient of Correlation
Expresses the strength and direction of a relationship; a statistical index ranging from -1.00 to +1.00 indicating direction and degree of correlation.
A statistical relationship in which increases in one measure are matched by increases in the other (or decreases with decreases)
A statistical relationship in which increases in one measure are matched by decreases in the other.
The act of causing something.
A formal trial undertaken to confirm or disconfirm a fact or principle
Humans or animals whose behavior is investigated in an experiment
The group if subjects exposed to all experimental conditions or variables except the independent variable.
The group of subjects exposed to the independent variable.
The use of chance to assign subjects to experimental and control groups.
Any condition thy changes or can be made to change; a measure, event, or state that may vary.
The condition bing investigated as a possible cause of some change in behavior. The values this variable takes are chosen by the experimenter.
The condition that is affected by the independent variable.
Conditions or factors excluded from ofly influencing the outcome of an experiment.
Experimental results that would rarely occur by chance alone; a difference must be large enough so that it would occur by chance less than 5 experiments out of 100
Repeating observations or experiments to confirm prior conclusions.
A statistical technique for combining the results of many studies on the same subject.
Blowing a single event out of proportion by extending it to a large number if unrelated situations.
An inactive substance given in the place if a drug in psychological research or by physicians who wish to treat a complaint by suggestion.
Changes in behavior due to expectations that a drug (or other treatment) will have some effect.
An arrangement in which subject remain unaware of whether they are in the experimental or control group.
An experiment in which both subjects an experimenters are unaware of whether subjects are in the experimental or control group.
An independent focus on all aspects if a single person.
The use of public polling techniques to answer psychological questions
A small randomly selected part if a larger population that accurately reflects characteristics if the whole population.
An entire group of animals or people belonging to a particular category.
False system that claims to reveal personality traits and I predicts the future by "reading" lines on the palms if the hand
False and antiquated system based on the belief that personality traits could be revealed by the shape if the skull
False system based in the belief that handwriting can reveal personality traits.
Fake system based on the belief that human behavior is influenced by the position of the stars at birth.
An altered state of consciousness characterized by abattoirs attention and increased suggestibility
The purported ability to accurately predict future events.
The purported ability I mentally later or influence objects or events
The purported ability to directly know another person's thoughts.