Unit 1-3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1-3 Deck (29):
1

A plan of government that sets forth the structures and powers of government.

Constitution

2

In a democracy a ______ is an authoritative law through which the sovereign people authorize a government to be established and grant it certain powers

Constitution

3

Limited government; the rule of law. A form of government in which a written, unwritten, or partly written constitution serves as a higher or fundamental law that everyone, including those in power, must obey.

Constitutional government

4

A form of government in which all citizens exercise political power, directly or through elected representatives

Democracy

5

A system restricted to protecting natural rights that does not interfere with other aspects of life

Limited government

6

The British legislature that consists of two houses

Parliament

7

A form of government that derives its powers directly or indirectly from the people

Republic

8

The body of political practices developed through customs or tradition

Unwritten constitution

9

A written plan of government that sets forth the structures and powers of government

Written constitution

10

The dedications of citizens to the common welfare of their community or country, even at the cost of their individual interests

Civic virtue

11

The ideals and practices of Ancient Greek and roman city states that emphasized civic participation and the responsibility of citizens for the well being of their country

Classical republicanism

12

The good of the community as a whole, as contrasted with private interests that may conflict with private interest

Common good

13

Agreement by citizens to obey the laws and the government they create

Consent of the government

14

The idea prevalent in early modern Europe that monarchs derive their authority directly from god

Divine right

15

Fundamental rights inherent to being human that every person therefore possesses that cannot be taken away by government or another entity

Inalienable rights

16

The doctrine that people have basic rights, such as those to life liberty and property in a state of nature

Natural rights

17

Acceptance by the governed that claim to authority by those who govern is justified

Political legitimacy

18

The natural rights concept that ultimate political authority rests with the people

Popular sovereignty

19

An "unalienable" right stared in the Declaration of Independence, the right of Americans to pursue personal fulfillment in their own way

Pursuit of happiness

20

The right of the sovereign people of any democratic state or regime to despise a government after it has attacked citizens basic rights for a significant period of time

Right to revolution

21

Presumption of an imaginary or actual agreement among people to set up a government and obey its laws

Social contract theory

22

The condition of people living in a situation without government; anarchy

State of nature

23

An economic system in which the means of producing and distributing goods are privately owned and operated for profit in competitive markets

Capitalism

24

A politically independent community consisting of a city and its surrounding territory

City state

25

A system of social, economic, and political organization in Europe from the ninth to about fifteenth century in which a politically weak monarch shared power with the nobility (serfs nobles etc)

Feudalism

26

Ideas, beliefs and practices that have their historical roots in Judaism and Christianity

Judeo-Christian

27

As currently used, a country; the standard unit of political organization in the world.

Nation state

28

An individuals ideas about right and wrong to be practiced in one personal life. These are derived from religious, philosophical, familial, and other sources including individual conscience

Private morality

29

The values and principles of right and wrong pertaining to public policies and action

Public morality