Flashcards in Unit 1-4 Deck (32):
The study of medication during absorption, distribution, and excretion. How they get in the body.
The chemical changes that the medications cause in the body cells and they alter bod functions.
Things you can see, hear, feel, or smell. (Signs you can see)
Things you can't see or notice. Residents tell you what they are feeling. Opinions are subjective data.
Most important way to preventing the spread of infection. Adequate time to wash hands correctly 15-30 seconds
Treatment with remedies. (Drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements)
Substances manufactured by the food and drug admin. (Physiological effect)
Passage of meds from site of administration into bloodstream.
Movement from bloodstream into spaces between cells, to site of action.
Chemical alteration which a substance undergoes in the body. Chemical breakdown, metabolism, and detoxification of meds. Mostly done in the liver.
Body's way of removing waste products.
Things that affect drugs?
Age, size, diet, time and day, gender, environment, medical history, emotional state
It affects the body where meds were administered.
Travels through the bloodstream and effects tissues or cells in various parts of body.
Meds usually pres. on basis of primary effect. This is the desired effect.
Unpleasant symptoms due to medication. It can cause impairment or decline in physical or mental state.
Adverse Drug Reaction
Form of adverse consequence. It is undesirable
Expected, well known reaction that occur. It may or may not constitute an adverse consequence. Sometimes it could be good
Foreign substance entering the body. There are various responses due to body's immunity mechanism reacting to presence of meds. (Abnormal)
Strong or unique response to certain medication due to genetics. (Unusual)
Resistance to effect of meds. Might need to up the dosage for someone who has built a tolerance.
Addictive or synergistic effect. Body can't boo transform and excrete meds before next dosage. This would make the Effects of meds stronger and stronger when taking more.
Dose that is too large for a persons age, size, or physical condition. Meds become a poison in body.
The ability of medication turning in to a poison in the body.
When one medication modifies actions of another medication.
(Potentation)effect. Increases the effect of medication when taking similar meds
(Diminished) effect. Can be good or bad.
Medications works against or cancel the effects of each other.
A strong desire or craving for the drug, with no physical symptoms if the drug is taken away.
When medication given together helps each other to produce the desired effect.
The psychological or physical need to take a certain drug.