Unit 1-4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1-4 Deck (32):
1

Pharmacodynamics

The study of medication during absorption, distribution, and excretion. How they get in the body.

2

Pharmacokinetics

The chemical changes that the medications cause in the body cells and they alter bod functions.

3

Objective Data

Things you can see, hear, feel, or smell. (Signs you can see)

4

Subjective Data

Things you can't see or notice. Residents tell you what they are feeling. Opinions are subjective data.

5

Hand Washing

Most important way to preventing the spread of infection. Adequate time to wash hands correctly 15-30 seconds

6

Medication

Treatment with remedies. (Drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements)

7

Drugs

Substances manufactured by the food and drug admin. (Physiological effect)

8

Absorption

Passage of meds from site of administration into bloodstream.

9

Distribution

Movement from bloodstream into spaces between cells, to site of action.

10

Biotransformation

Chemical alteration which a substance undergoes in the body. Chemical breakdown, metabolism, and detoxification of meds. Mostly done in the liver.

11

Excretion

Body's way of removing waste products.

12

Things that affect drugs?

Age, size, diet, time and day, gender, environment, medical history, emotional state

13

Local Effects

It affects the body where meds were administered.

14

Systemic Effect

Travels through the bloodstream and effects tissues or cells in various parts of body.

15

Therapeutic Effect

Meds usually pres. on basis of primary effect. This is the desired effect.

16

Adverse Consequence

Unpleasant symptoms due to medication. It can cause impairment or decline in physical or mental state.

17

Adverse Drug Reaction

Form of adverse consequence. It is undesirable

18

Side Effects

Expected, well known reaction that occur. It may or may not constitute an adverse consequence. Sometimes it could be good

19

Allergic Reaction

Foreign substance entering the body. There are various responses due to body's immunity mechanism reacting to presence of meds. (Abnormal)

20

Idiosyncrasy

Strong or unique response to certain medication due to genetics. (Unusual)

21

Tolerance

Resistance to effect of meds. Might need to up the dosage for someone who has built a tolerance.

22

Cumulation

Addictive or synergistic effect. Body can't boo transform and excrete meds before next dosage. This would make the Effects of meds stronger and stronger when taking more.

23

Overdose

Dose that is too large for a persons age, size, or physical condition. Meds become a poison in body.

24

Toxicity

The ability of medication turning in to a poison in the body.

25

Medication Interaction

When one medication modifies actions of another medication.

26

Synergistic

(Potentation)effect. Increases the effect of medication when taking similar meds

27

Antagonistic

(Diminished) effect. Can be good or bad.

28

Antagonist

Medications works against or cancel the effects of each other.

29

Habituation

A strong desire or craving for the drug, with no physical symptoms if the drug is taken away.

30

Synergistic Effects

When medication given together helps each other to produce the desired effect.

31

Drug Dependence

The psychological or physical need to take a certain drug.

32

Drug Abuse

Refers to taking drugs, not for medical reasons, but for the psychological or emotional effects it produces. Other then for what they are intended or prescribed.