Unit 1: Human Lifespan Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1: Human Lifespan Development Deck (21):
1

What changes occur to the cardiovascular with ageing?

Heart increases in size and the wall thickens making it difficult for muscle to relax and fill with blood.
Artery walls narrow due to fats clogging them.
Pacemaker cells decrease.
Valves thicken and stiffen.

2

What health factors may affect cardiovascular health?

Genetic inheritance
Obesity
High blood pressure
High blood cholesterol
Diabetes

3

What lifestyle factors may affect cardiovascular health?

Smoking
Alcohol
Diet high in salt
Diet high in saturated fats
Lack of exercise

4

Negative effects of cardiovascular disease

Loss of independence
Depression
Anxiety about health
Reduced mobility
Frustration

5

Positive effects of cardiovascular disease

Closer relationships with family and friends
Improving lifestyle

6

What can cardiovascular disease and ageing cause?

Angina
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
heart murmurs
Strokes
Heart attack
Heart failure

7

What is the degeneration of the nervous tissue?

It is the loss of neurons in the brain to decreases the ability to send and receive nerve impulses.

8

What are the effects of degeneration of nervous tissue?

Reaction time increase
Reduction in reflex
Difficulty receiving/processing info
Decline in STM
Decline in verbal capability
Effects senses

9

Why may someone get Parkinson's disease?

Caused due to the loss of neurons from brain structure that control movement.

10

What are the physical effects of Parkinson's?

Tremor
Loss of mobility

11

What are the cognitive effects of Parkinson's?

Depression
Anxiety
Impairment in thinking and problem solving

12

What is the degeneration of the sense organs?

The senses that help receive info from environment decrease in capability.

13

How does TASTE degenerate?

Number of taste buds decreases
Production of saliva decreases
Ability to smell decreases.

14

How does TOUCH degenerate?

Decrease of receptor cells
Reduced sensitivity to: temperature, injury, touch.
Increased sensitivity of skin to sun.

15

How does SIGHT degenerate?

Vision becomes less sharp
cloudiness of vision
vitreous shrinks

16

How does HEARING degenerate?

fluid filled tubes become affected
cant hear high frequency sounds
distinguishing between sounds

17

What are the social and emotional effects of degeneration of sense organs?

reduced social opportunities
low self-image
anxiety
depression
isolation
loss of independence
difficulty taking part in leisure activities

18

What is osteoarthritis?

swelling and pain in joints
damage to soft tissue around joints
difficulty walking
difficulty climbing stairs

19

What increases the risk of osteoarthritis?

being female
joint abnormality
genetic inheritance
injury to joints
obesity
being over 40 yo

20

What happens to the absorption of nutrients with aging?

Absorption of nutrients decreases.

21

Why do you absorb less nutrients with age?

reduced production of gastric hydrochloric acid - prevents breakdown of proteins
deterioration of the function of the digestive organs and lining