Unit 1: Intro to American National Government Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1: Intro to American National Government Deck (24):
1

Citizenship requires three types of knowledge...

1. Knowledge of Government
2. Knowledge of Politics
3. Knowledge of Democratic Principles

2


The study of who gets what, when, and how

Politics

3

A government that follows rules that are written on a constitution

Constitutional Government

4


A form of government that is run by a dictator using submission to authority

Authoritarian Government

5


A form of government that no limits on power and will shoot down any threats towards the government

Totalitarian government

6


A system of governments by one person with absolute power; alternative to the US government

Autocracy

7

A type of democracy that represents someone or something

Representative Democracy/Republic

8


A form of government with a monarch as the leader

Monarchy

9

A group of people attempt to implement a policy or remove a policy rather than persuading others

Direct Action Politics

10

A doctrine in political theory that government is created by and subject to the will of the people


Popular Sovereignty

11

A form of government that allows the public to vote on political matters


Democracy

12

The governing body of a nation, state, or community

Government

13

A small group of people that have control of a country or an organization

Oligarchy

14

The highest class in certain societies


Aristocracy

15

An economic system where there is no intrusion of the government regarding economic activities

Laissez-faire capitalism

16

The age of reason where rational thinking rose above religious beliefs

Enlightenment

17

There are higher ethical principles that govern human affairs

Natural Law

18

An English philosopher and physician, he was one of the influencers of the Founding Fathers

John Locke

19

The first 10 amendments of the US Constitution

Bill of Rights

20

"All humans are born with free will"

Social Contract Theory

21

An economic system based upon private ownership and free economic competition.

Capitalism

22

Name one of the purposes of the US government according to the Preamble of the US Constitution

Government is needed to establish justice, domestic tranquility, & secure liberty.

23

Name a political philosopher who influenced the Founders.

Locke, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Aristotle

24

Ordinary citizens can influence what government does

Political efficacy