Flashcards in Unit 1: Nature And Perspectives Deck (38):
Location (theme of geography)
The position of something on the Earth's surface.
Longitude and Latitude
Ex: Next door, across the street, next to
Place (theme of geography)
An area defined by everything in it. All areas have features that distinguish them.
Region (theme of geography)
An area defined by certain similar characteristics.
Types of regions
Formal, functional, vernacular/perceptual
A space or area of interdependent parts
Places that people believe to exist as a part of their cultural identity.
Movement (theme of geography)
Refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another.
Human Environment Interaction (theme of geography)
How do people depend on, adapt to and modify the environment
The physical gap between two objects
The relationship between the size of an object or distance between objects on a map and the size of the actual object or distance on the earth surface
The arrangement of objects on earths surface in relationship to one another.
Organization of earths surface into distinct areas that are viewed different from other areas.
The expansion of economic, political and cultural activities to the point that they reach and have impact on many areas of the world.
The location of places, people, and events, and the connections among places.
The overall appearance of an area that is shaped by both human and natural influences.
Which group of people invented geography as a field of study.
Art and science of mapmaking
Eratosthenes, Ptolemy, Idrisi, George Perkins Marsh, Carl Sauer
Accurately calculated circumference of the earth
Recalculated calculated circumference of the earth around 500 years after Eratosthenes. He was was wrong but it was considered the truth for hundreds of years.
Worked for king of Sicily to create a remarkably accurate representation of the world.
George Perkins Marsh
Focused on impact of human actions on the natural environment, started Human Geo
Shaped field of Human Geo
Why are projections of earth always distorted?
It is difficult to portray a 3D object on 2D paper.
What are the 3 types of projections?
Mercators Projection, Robinson Projection, Peters Projection
Accurate areas of the continents, inaccurate shapes of the continents
Used by ship navigators. Contains accurate, true directions. Because of this, land masses closest to the poles are distorted
Attempts to correct distortion in north and south by curbing the paper. Distortion is there but not severely. Attempts to correct distortions by erring in all four ways: shape, size, distance and direction. Good for general use.
What are the 5 themes of Geography?
Location, place, region, movement, human-environment interaction
Designed to reveal the nature of the local topography
Natural land surface
Levels of a phenomenon
The phenomena at one level influences those at another level
The prime meridian is set by international agreement on a line of longitude running through Greenwich England.