Unit 1: Nature And Perspectives Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1: Nature And Perspectives Deck (38):
1

Location (theme of geography)

The position of something on the Earth's surface.

2

Absolute Location

Longitude and Latitude

3

Relative location

Ex: Next door, across the street, next to

4

Place (theme of geography)

An area defined by everything in it. All areas have features that distinguish them.

5

Region (theme of geography)

An area defined by certain similar characteristics.

6

Types of regions

Formal, functional, vernacular/perceptual

7

Formal region

Defined boundaries

8

Functional region

A space or area of interdependent parts

9

Vernacular/Perceptual Region

Places that people believe to exist as a part of their cultural identity.

10

Movement (theme of geography)

Refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another.

11

Human Environment Interaction (theme of geography)

How do people depend on, adapt to and modify the environment

12

Space

The physical gap between two objects

13

Scale

The relationship between the size of an object or distance between objects on a map and the size of the actual object or distance on the earth surface

14

Pattern

The arrangement of objects on earths surface in relationship to one another.

15

Regionalization

Organization of earths surface into distinct areas that are viewed different from other areas.

16

Globalization

The expansion of economic, political and cultural activities to the point that they reach and have impact on many areas of the world.

17

Spatial Organization

The location of places, people, and events, and the connections among places.

18

Landscapes

The overall appearance of an area that is shaped by both human and natural influences.

19

Which group of people invented geography as a field of study.

Greeks

20

Cartography

Art and science of mapmaking

21

Famous Georaphers

Eratosthenes, Ptolemy, Idrisi, George Perkins Marsh, Carl Sauer

22

Eratosthenes

Accurately calculated circumference of the earth

23

Ptolemy

Recalculated calculated circumference of the earth around 500 years after Eratosthenes. He was was wrong but it was considered the truth for hundreds of years.

24

Idrisi

Worked for king of Sicily to create a remarkably accurate representation of the world.

25

George Perkins Marsh

Focused on impact of human actions on the natural environment, started Human Geo

26

Carl Sauer

Shaped field of Human Geo

27

Why are projections of earth always distorted?

It is difficult to portray a 3D object on 2D paper.

28

What are the 3 types of projections?

Mercators Projection, Robinson Projection, Peters Projection

29

Peters Projection

Accurate areas of the continents, inaccurate shapes of the continents

30

Mercators Projection

Used by ship navigators. Contains accurate, true directions. Because of this, land masses closest to the poles are distorted

31

Robinsons Projection

Attempts to correct distortion in north and south by curbing the paper. Distortion is there but not severely. Attempts to correct distortions by erring in all four ways: shape, size, distance and direction. Good for general use.

32

What are the 5 themes of Geography?

Location, place, region, movement, human-environment interaction

33

Contour Map

Designed to reveal the nature of the local topography

33

Topography

Natural land surface

33

Levels of a phenomenon

Local scale
Regional Scale
Global scale

33

Local-global Continuum

The phenomena at one level influences those at another level

34

Prime Meridian

The prime meridian is set by international agreement on a line of longitude running through Greenwich England.

35

Longitude

|....spaced 15 degrees apart