Flashcards in unit 1 outcome 1 Deck (36):
Research based on observable, empirical and measurable evidence that precedes from observation, hypothesis-testing then evaluation.
A form of critical thinking that examines the social world from multiple points of views. It sees the social in individual behaviour.
A theory is a statement about the way the world is believed to work. The role of sociological theories is to explain social behaviour in the real world. For example, why are some people racist or sexist or ageist.
A sociological perspective is a collection of theories that provides researchers with a model to guide and reflect upon their social research.
A theoretical perspective that advocates for gender equality by opposing sexism and patriarchy.
the ways in which researchers collect data, conduct research and analyse findings.
Controlled research that involves testing the effect of one variable on another variable, usually by comparing results from a control group to an experimental group
Research involving participants responding to a set of questions or statements that are usually analysed statistically.
Research involving a set of planned question for participants to answer which is is usually analysed statistically.
Research whereby a participant is asked to answer a series of questions through a one-on-one conversation
Research involving the careful observation and recording of participants behaviour in a naturalistic setting.
Research involving the careful watching and recording of participant (subject) behaviour in a clinical or naturalistic setting
Research involving the study of data conducted by someone else.
Research involving the use of primary sources and other original evidence to form accounts of the past
Numerical information that has been collected in research that reflects the amount or 'quantity' of what is being studied.
Descriptive information that has been collected in research that includes words, description, pictures and other 'qualities' of what is being studied. Commonly used in the social sciences.
a discourse is a way of reflecting on data and observations made about people or an event. Opinions are based upon a collection of beliefs. 'truths', myths are the language of a culture/subculture
Assumptions about individuals based on their social group membership rather than individual characteristics
A socially constructed, age-based, social category appropriate to Western societies which usually includes young people between the ages of 12 and 14
A term with strong biological associations describing the period of onset of puberty to full sexual reproduction and full physiological maturation
A positive or negative prejudgement (attitude) about an entire category of people
The unequal treatment (actions) towards a category of people
The particular cultural features that are shared by a distinctive group or population . The social traits shared by these groupings include nationality, ideology and lifestyle. Common languages, Common cultures and religions practices and a common ancestry support and the ethnic identity
the process of combining and drawing upon different cultural and ethnic identities to crete a new hybridised culture, slightly changing the dominant culture in the process
the social identity and status of groups of people based on shared social and economic background. In Australia, the term socioeconomics status (SES) is often used interchangeably with social class
Disadvantage that passes across multiple generations within the one family.
Refers to the socially and culturally constructed categories of feminine and masculine, as compared to the biological categories of sex (female or male)
Refers to a person's physical and/or attraction to the same and/or opposite gender
A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1946 and 1964
A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1980 and 1994
A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1995 and 2009
A person born into a generation in which information and communication technology (ICT) already existed, and who has therefore used ICT from a young age
A person who was born before the prevalence of information and communication technology (ICT) and subsequently learnt to use it later in life
A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1963 and 1980. they are described as being individualistic, flexible, technologically proficient and possessing a strong work/life balance
A minority group containing members who categorised with shared characteristics or interests such as norms, values, ethnicity, social class or sexual orientation.