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Flashcards in unit 1 outcome 1 Deck (36):
1

Scientific Methods

Research based on observable, empirical and measurable evidence that precedes from observation, hypothesis-testing then evaluation.

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Sociological imagination

A form of critical thinking that examines the social world from multiple points of views. It sees the social in individual behaviour.

3

Theory

A theory is a statement about the way the world is believed to work. The role of sociological theories is to explain social behaviour in the real world. For example, why are some people racist or sexist or ageist.

4

Sociological perspective

A sociological perspective is a collection of theories that provides researchers with a model to guide and reflect upon their social research.

5

Feminism

A theoretical perspective that advocates for gender equality by opposing sexism and patriarchy.

6

Research method

the ways in which researchers collect data, conduct research and analyse findings.

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Experiment

Controlled research that involves testing the effect of one variable on another variable, usually by comparing results from a control group to an experimental group

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Survey

Research involving participants responding to a set of questions or statements that are usually analysed statistically.

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Questionnarie

Research involving a set of planned question for participants to answer which is is usually analysed statistically.

10

Interview

Research whereby a participant is asked to answer a series of questions through a one-on-one conversation

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Fieldwork

Research involving the careful observation and recording of participants behaviour in a naturalistic setting.

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Participant observation

Research involving the careful watching and recording of participant (subject) behaviour in a clinical or naturalistic setting

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Secondary analysis

Research involving the study of data conducted by someone else.

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Historical analysis

Research involving the use of primary sources and other original evidence to form accounts of the past

15

Quantitative data

Numerical information that has been collected in research that reflects the amount or 'quantity' of what is being studied.

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Qualitative data

Descriptive information that has been collected in research that includes words, description, pictures and other 'qualities' of what is being studied. Commonly used in the social sciences.

17

Sociological Discourse

a discourse is a way of reflecting on data and observations made about people or an event. Opinions are based upon a collection of beliefs. 'truths', myths are the language of a culture/subculture

18

Stereotype

Assumptions about individuals based on their social group membership rather than individual characteristics

19

Youth

A socially constructed, age-based, social category appropriate to Western societies which usually includes young people between the ages of 12 and 14

20

Adolescence

A term with strong biological associations describing the period of onset of puberty to full sexual reproduction and full physiological maturation

21

Prejudice

A positive or negative prejudgement (attitude) about an entire category of people

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Discrimination

The unequal treatment (actions) towards a category of people

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Ethnicity

The particular cultural features that are shared by a distinctive group or population . The social traits shared by these groupings include nationality, ideology and lifestyle. Common languages, Common cultures and religions practices and a common ancestry support and the ethnic identity

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Cultural hybridity

the process of combining and drawing upon different cultural and ethnic identities to crete a new hybridised culture, slightly changing the dominant culture in the process

25

Social class

the social identity and status of groups of people based on shared social and economic background. In Australia, the term socioeconomics status (SES) is often used interchangeably with social class

26

Intergenerational inequity

Disadvantage that passes across multiple generations within the one family.

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Gender

Refers to the socially and culturally constructed categories of feminine and masculine, as compared to the biological categories of sex (female or male)

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Sexual orientation

Refers to a person's physical and/or attraction to the same and/or opposite gender

29

Baby Boomers

A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1946 and 1964

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Gen Y

A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1980 and 1994

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Gen Z

A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1995 and 2009

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Digital native

A person born into a generation in which information and communication technology (ICT) already existed, and who has therefore used ICT from a young age

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Digital immigrant

A person who was born before the prevalence of information and communication technology (ICT) and subsequently learnt to use it later in life

34

Gen X

A social category encompassing Australians who were born between 1963 and 1980. they are described as being individualistic, flexible, technologically proficient and possessing a strong work/life balance

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Subculture

A minority group containing members who categorised with shared characteristics or interests such as norms, values, ethnicity, social class or sexual orientation.

36

Social sustainability

A type of social planning that puts into place arrangement to meet the social needs of the current generation without composing the institutional stability and viability of future generations