Unit 1: Psychology's History And Approaches Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1: Psychology's History And Approaches Deck (24):
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Wilhelm Wundt

One of the founding fathers of psychology; also created the first psychology lab

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Edward Titchener

Introduced structuralism; his method: introspection. Focused on the what

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Structuralism

Early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind

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Introspection

The examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes

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Functionalism

Early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by Darwin; explored how mental and behavioral processes function - how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish

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William James

Introduced functionalism. Focused on the why

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Behaviorism

the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)

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John Watson

Dismissed introspection and redefined psychology as "the scientific study of observable behavior"

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B. F. Skinner

Behaviorist. Experimented on mice

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Humanistic Psychology

a historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people

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Carl Rogers

Humanist; drew attention to ways that current environmental influences can nurture or limit out growth potential and to the importance of having our needs for live and acceptance satisfied

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Abraham Maslow

Humanist; Maslow's hierarchy of needs: physiological, safety, belongingness and love, esteem, self-actualization, self-transcendence

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Nature-Nurture Issue

the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture

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Biopsychosocial Approach

an integrate approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis

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Behavioral Perspective

the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning

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Biological Perspective

the scientific study of links between biological and psychological (genetic, neural, hormonal) and psychological processes

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Cognitive Perspective

the scientific study of all mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

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Evolutionary Perspective

the study of the evolution of behavior and mind, using principles of natural selection

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Psychodynamic Perspective

a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders

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Social-Cultural Perspective

the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking

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Pyschiatry

a branch of medicine dealing psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy

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Psychology

The science of behavior and mental processes

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Population

All those in a group being studied, from which samples may be drawn

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Gestalt

An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes