Flashcards in Unit 1 SAFMEDS Deck (40):
An environmental variable that alters the reinforcing or punishing effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or event; and alters the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced or punished by that stimulus, object or event.
A motivation operation that establishes the effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or event as a consequence (reinforcer or punisher).
A motivating operation that decreases the effectiveness of a stimulus, object, or event as a consequence (reinforcer or punisher).
An increase in the momentary frequency of behavior
A decrease in the momentary frequency of behavior
The effect of a stimulus on a specific response may be innate, due to the evolutionary history of that species.
The effect of the stimulus on a specific response may be learned , due to the experimental history of the individual organism in the environment
MO related to reinforcement
MO related to punishment
EO related to reinforcement
EO related to punishment
AO related to reinforcement
AO related to punishment
EO related to positive reinforcement
EO related to negative reinforcement
EO related to positive punishment
EO related to negative punishment
AO related to positive reinforcement
AO related to negative reinforcement
AO related to positive punishment
AO related to negative punishment
UEO related to positive reinforcement
CEO related to positive reinforcement
Condition Motivating Operations
A motivating operation whose value-altering effect depends on a learning history
Acquire the properties of an EO through contingent pairing with UEOs in much the same way that stimuli become S's through pairing
Acquire the properties of an AO through contingent pairing with UAOs in much the same way that stimuli become S's through pairing
An event that establishes another stimulus as a necessary condition to complete the response that the first event evokes, and thus establishes that second stimulus as a reinforcer
Decrease in the effectiveness of a stimulus as a reinforcer and abate behavior which is maintained by the reinforcer whose value has been lowered (decreased)
Establishes its own termination as an effective form of negative reinforcement or punishment
Abolishes its own termination as an effective form of negative reinforcement or punishment
An EO for negative reinforcement, evokes avoidance behavior and evokes behavior that has resulted in its own termination in the past
An AO negative reinforcement; abates avoidance behavior and abated behavior that has resulted in its own termination in the past
An EO for negative punishment; abates
An AO for negative punishment; evokes behavior that has resulted in its own termination in the past
Behavior that terminates an aversive stimulus
Terminates a "warning" stimulus; prevents delays the onset of the aversive stimulus
A response terminates a warning stimulus
A conditioned aversive stimulus whose presence is correlated with the upcoming onset of an unconditioned aversive stimulus
No clear warning stimulus, but a response can still delay or prevent the occurrence of the aversive event.