Unit 1 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Vocab Deck (74):
1

Aggregation

collection, or the gathering of things together

2

Agricultural density

The population density measured as the number of farmers per unit area of arable land

3

Arithemtic density

The total number of people / area of land

4

Base line

minimum or starting point used for comparision

5

Cartography

the science or practice of drawing maps.

6

Choropleth Map

a map that uses differences in shading, coloring, or the placing of symbols to show average values of properties

7

Concentration

a close gathering of people or things

8

Connections

a relationship in which a person, place, or thing is associated with something else

9

Contagious diffusion

The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.

10

Cutural ecology

study of humans adaptations to its environment

11

Cultural landscape

Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group

12

Culture

the art, religion, language, etc of a certain group of people

13

Density

measure of the number of people in a certain area

14

Diffusion

The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.

15

Distance decay

describes the effect of distance on cultural or spatial interactions.

16

Distribution

The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.

17

Dot Map

map type that uses a dot symbol to show a feature on the map

18

Environmental determinism

a very old approach (19th-20th century) to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences.

19

Expansion diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.

20

Formal region

(uniform): An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.

21

Functional region

(nodal): An area organized around a node or focal point.

22

Geographic Information information System (GIS)

computer system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatial or geographical data.

23

Global Positioning System (GPS)

satellite navigation system that provides location and time information anywhere on or near the Earth

24

Globalization

Interaction of cultures around the world

25

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

the time that is used as the prime basis for time around the world

26

Hearth

The region from which innovative ideas originate

27

Human Geography

geography involved with how human activity affects or is influenced by the earth's surface.

28

Human-Environmental Interaction

how humans interact with the environment

29

International date line

The line, in which when it is crossed, the time will be moved forward an hour, if traveling west to east, and moved back an hour, if traveling east to west.

30

Isoline Map

a map that shows connecting points of equal value

31

Land Ordinance of 1785

a policy that a section (west part) of each township should be set aside for schools

32

Latitude

imaginary lines on a globe/map that travel west to east, parallel to the equator

33

Legend

A part of a map that shows the meaning of the symbols that are placed on the map. also known as a Key

34

Location

where someone, something, or a place is on the earth

35

Longitude

imaginary lines on a globe/map that travel north to east, perpendicular to the lines of latitude

36

Map

A flat representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.

37

Map Projection

The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.

38

Map Scale

Distance on map in relation to actual distance

39

Mental Map

a map in the minds of people; close, often traveled to places

40

Meridian

An arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles

41

Movement

the act of something, someone, or an idea changing physical locations

42

Parallel

A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians

43

Pattern

The geometric or arrangement of something in a study area.

44

Physiological density

The total population / area of arable land

45

Place

an area defined by everything in it

46

Polder

a piece of low land that has been "reclaimed" by nearby rivers or lakes

47

Possibilism

The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.

48

Primary Data

data collected or observed directly from first-hand viewing/experience

49

Prime Meridian

The meridian, designated as 0 degrees longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.

50

Principal Meridian

a north-south line used to divide townships between east and west

51

Proportional symbol map

maps that scale the size of the symbol to the size of the data value found at that location

52

Reference map

shows location of geographic areas and can include these features: boundaries, names and unique identifiers of standard geographic areas, as well as major cultural and physical features

53

Region

An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.

54

Regional Studies

branch of geography that studies the world's regions

55

Relocation diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend through movement of people from one place to another.

56

Remote Sensing

The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet.

57

Resource

a stock of a certain good that can provide assistance to people efficiently.

58

Scale

ratio of a distance on the map to the actual distance on Earth

59

Secondary Data

data collected by someone other than the user/reader of the content

60

Sections

a distinct group within a large body of people or things

61

Simplification

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62

Site

physical character of a place

63

Situation

The location of a place relative to other places

64

Space

a portion of Earth's surface, that can include: location, place, area, region, territory, distribution, and pattern

65

Space-time compression

any phenomenon that alters the qualities of and relationship between space and time.

66

Spatial Data

information about a physical object that can be represented by numerical values in a geographic coordinate system.

67

Stimulus diffusion

The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.

68

Thematcic

Spatial distribution of one or more specific themes

69

Toponym

The name given to a portion of Earth's surface

70

Township

a division of a country with some powers

71

Transnational corporation

enterprises made up of higher enterprises and their foreign affiliates

72

Uneven development

The increasing gap in economic conditions between regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.

73

Vernacular region

(perceptual): An area that people bilieve exists as part of their cultural identity

74

Hierarchical Diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.