Unit 10- Surgery, Diabetes, Immunology, Lesions, and Prefixes of Numbers and Direction Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 10- Surgery, Diabetes, Immunology, Lesions, and Prefixes of Numbers and Direction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 10- Surgery, Diabetes, Immunology, Lesions, and Prefixes of Numbers and Direction Deck (177):
1

lapar/o

abdominal wall

2

laparoscopy

process of examining abdominal cavity with endoscope

3

laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH)

removal of uterus through vagina assisted by laparoscope

4

Most common laparoscopic procedure

cholecystectomy

5

trocars

hollow tubes with a seal that instruments travel through into abdomen

6

laparotomy

incision into abdominal wall

7

laparorrhaphy

suturing of abdominal wall

8

pyr/o

heat, fever, fire

9

pyromaniac

one who has madness for starting or seeing fire

10

pyrosis

condition of heat (heartburn)

11

pyrexia

fever

12

hyperpyrexia

high fever
over 102 F

13

pyrometer

thermometer
instrument used to measure heat

14

pyrolysis

destruction by fever

15

pyrophobia

abnormal fear of fire

16

pyrotoxin

toxin produced by fever

17

hydr/o or hydro-

water or fluid

18

hidro

sweat

19

hidrocystadenoma

cystic tumor of a sweat gland

20

hidradenitis

inflammation of sweat glands

21

hidrosis

condition of sweating

22

hyperhidrosis

profuse sweating

23

hidrorrhea

flow of sweat

24

anhidrosis

absence of sweat

25

glyc/o, gluc/o

sweet or sugar

26

glycogenesis/glucogenesis

formation of sugar
glyco-formation of glycogen from carbohydrates
gluco-formation of glucose from glycogen

27

glycoprotein/glucoprotein

substance made of sugar and protein

28

glycosuria/glucosuria

sugar in the urine

29

glycohemoglobin

Sugar and hemoglobin
Aka glycated hemoglbin (GHB)
Present with high blood sugar levels
Hemoglobin A1c test measures levels

30

glycogen

animal starch; formed from simple sugars and stored as reserve fuel
converts into glucose

31

Diabetes mellitus

3 main types
Characterized by hypoglycemia and other metabolic disturbances

32

Type I diabetes

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
Onset in youth, exogenous insulin dependency, tendency to ketoacidosis, viral etiology, autoimmune basis, genetic predisposition

33

Type II diabetes

Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)
Onset in adults over 40, some endogenous insulin production, obesity or normal weight, treated with diet modification and oral hypoglycemic agents

34

Gestational diabetes

(GDM)
In individuals not previously diabetic who develop hyperglycemia in pregnancy
May progress to another diabetes or return to normal glucose levels postpartum

35

glycemia

sugar in the blood

36

hyperglycemia

high blood sugar

37

hypoglycemia

low blood sugar

38

glycolysis

breakdown of glycogen to glucose

39

glycorrhea

discharge/flow of sugar from the body

40

glycolipid

sugar and fat

41

immun/o

immune

42

immunology

study of the function of the immune system

43

immunotherapy

Process of giving immunizations
Ex: DPT and IPV

44

immunodeficiency

characterized by inability to fight disease
ex: AIDS

45

Natural immunity

passive- mother to fetus
active- exposed to virus

46

artificial immunity

scientifically designed
Passive= Immunoglobin (IG) injections to boost immune system
Active= vaccinations

47

aut/o

self

48

autodiagnosis

diagnosing one's own diseases

49

autodermic

pertains to dermatoplasty with one's own skin

50

autonomic

self-controlling

51

autolysis

self-destruction or self-destroying

52

autoimmunity

If one's own body produces antibodies to one's own tissues
Being allergic to one's own tissues
Ex: rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus

53

autophagia

biting one's self

54

autophobia

abnormal fear of being alone

55

autohemotherapy

therapy with one's own blood (transfusion)

56

autoplasty

surgery using grafts from one's own body

57

autologous, autogenous

originating in itself or coming from one's own body

58

autograft

skin graft from own healthy skin

59

mono

one or single

60

monograph

deals with a single subject

61

mononuclear

having one nucleus

62

monomania

abnormal preoccupation with one subject only

63

monocyte

one cell
type of leukocyte

64

monoma

one tumor

65

monomyoplegia

paralysis of one muscle

66

hemi-/ semi-

half

67

mono-/ uni-

one

68

prot-/ prim-

first

69

di(plo)-, bi-

two

70

tri-

three

71

tetra-/ quadr-

four

72

penta-/ quint-

five

73

hexa-, sex/ta-

six

74

hepta-, sept/a-

seven

75

oct/a-

eight

76

enne(a)-, non(i)-

nine

77

deca-, dec(i)-

deca=ten
deci=tenth

78

hecto-, cent(i)-

Hecto=one hundred
Centi=one hundredth

79

kilo-, mill(i)-

Kilo=one thousand
Milli=one thousandth

80

mononeural

pertaining to one nerve

81

monocytosis

condition of increase in monocytes

82

mononucleosis

condition caused by a viral infection that can damage the liver
monocytosis is an indication

83

multi-

many or more than one

84

para

whole word, prefix, and suffix

85

para and -para

refer to a woman who has given birth one or more times

86

parity

quality of having given birth

87

para II, 3, IV

Indicates number of times given birth

88

multipara

Woman who has brought forth (borne) more than one child
Always refers to mother

89

multiparous

adjective of multipara
Refers to birth of multiple children

90

nulli-

none

91

nullipara

a woman who has never borne a child

92

primipara

woman having her first child

93

gravida

heavy or weighted down
pregnant

94

primigravida

woman experiencing her first pregnancy

95

Woman who has been pregnant 4 times and had 2 miscarriages and two live births is...

grav 4, ab 2, para 2

96

nullipara

no live births

97

nulliparous

pertaining to no live births

98

primipara

first live birth

99

cubic centimeters (cc)

volume measurement frequently used when giving injections
Amount of fluid in one centimeter cubed

100

ab-

away from

101

abduction

moving away from the midline

102

abnormal

going away from normal

103

aboral

away form the mouth

104

abberant

wandering from the normal course

105

abirritant

takes irritation away from the patient

106

ablactation

takes the baby away from the breastfeeding
cessation of milk secretion

107

abort

away from being born

108

abrasion

scrape type of injury

109

deciduous teeth

"fall from" child's mouth
20 deciduous teeth
32 2ndary teeth

110

dehydration

takes water from a moist substance
Can be caused by vomiting, diarrhea, high fever

111

decalcification

when calcium is removed from bones
can occur in pregnancy, inadequate vitamin D
can cause osteoporosis

112

de-

down from
resulting in less than

113

excise

to cut out and remove a part

114

exhale/expire

to breath out waste matter from body

115

excretion

process of expelling a substance
ex: urinary, respiratory, dermal, menstrual, gastrointestinal

116

extraction

procedure in which something is pulled out

117

full-mouth extraction (FME)

When all a patient's teeth have to be pulled out

118

full-mouth extraction (FME)

When all a patient's teeth have to be pulled out

119

extension

to straighten or lengthen

120

iso-

equal or the same

121

isometric

of equal dimensions

122

isocellular

composed of cells of equal size

123

isotonic solution

has same pressure as red blood cells
ex: normal saline, intravenous glucose

124

hypertonic solutions

have higher osmotic pressure than blood cells

125

hypotonic solutions

have lower osmotic pressure than blood cells

126

isodactylism

fingers or toes of equal length

127

isothermal(ic)

pertaining to equal temperature

128

anis/o

unequal

129

anisomastia

breasts of unequal size

130

mastos

breast

131

mastitis

inflammation of the breast

132

mastectomy

surgical excision of part or all of the breast

133

mastocarcinoma

cancerous tumor of the breast

134

anisocytosis

cells of unequal sizes
can be caused by unhealthy bone marrow

135

peri-

around

136

per-

through

137

circum-

around

138

dia-

through, complete

139

periarticular

around articulations or joints

140

peritonsillar

around the tonsil

141

pericolic

around the colon

142

periodontal

pertaining to the diseases of the support structures around the teeth

143

perichondral

around a cartilage

144

periadenitis

inflammation around a gland

145

pericolpitis

inflammation around the vagina

146

perihepatitis

inflammation around the liver

147

pericardiectomy

excision of tissue around the heart (pericardium)

148

circumocular

around the eyes

149

circumoral

around the mouth

150

circumoral

around the mouth

151

circumscribed

limited in space (as though a line were drawn around it)
ex: hive, boil, pimples, pustules

152

circumcision

to cut around
surgical procedure for removing foreskin of penis

153

diagnosis

knowing through

154

diathermy

heating through

155

diarrhea

flow through

156

-esis

action or process

157

diaphoresis

action of profuse sweating

158

arthrodesis

immobilizing (binding) a joint

159

hematopoiesis

process of forming blood

160

diuresis

process of causing urine to flow through more rapidly

161

diuretic

substance that causes increase in urine output

162

nocturnal enuresis

nighttime bedwetting

163

per-

through

164

perforate

act of making a hole through something

165

percussion

a striking though

166

perfusion

supplying tissues with oxygen and nutrients through the blood supply or other tissue fluids

167

perfusate

fluid used to perfuse tissues

168

necr/o

death

169

necrocytosis

cellular death

170

necroparasite

one that lives on dead organic matter

171

necrosis

condition in which dead tissue is surrounded with healthy tissue
can be caused by infection or lack of blood supply

172

necrectomy

excision of dead tissue

173

necrotomy

incision/dissection into a dead body

174

necrophobia

abnormal fear of death or dead bodies

175

3 ways to say postmortem examination

autopsy
necropsy
necroscopy

176

-philia

abnormal or unusual attraction to

177

necrophilia

abnormal attraction to dead bodies