Unit 11 & 12: Male Genitourinary & Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 11 & 12: Male Genitourinary & Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 11 & 12: Male Genitourinary & Reproductive System Deck (66):
1

agenetic bladder

lack of/failure of development of a bladder

2

anisuria

alternate between little and excessive urination

3

anuresia

retention of urine in bladder

4

anuria

absence of urine formation and execretion

5

autolysin

substance capable of destroying its own cells and tissues

6

chyluria

presence of chyle in urine - causing milky urine

7

dialysis

through destruction

8

Dietl's crisis

sudden kidney pain with nausea caused by kinking of the ureter

9

diurnal frequency

increased urination during the day

10

dysuria

painful/difficult urination

11

ectoptic kidney

kidney not in its normal position

12

enuresis

involuntary/uncontrolled discharge of urine

13

epispadias

congenital absence of upper wall of urethra

14

extrophy of the bladder

congenital eversion (inside-out) of the bladder

15

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of glomeruli and kidney

16

Grawitz tumor

malignant tumor of the kidney

17

horseshoe kidney

right and left kidneys are linked at one end

18

hypospadias

urethra opens inferior to its normal location

19

Hunner's ulcer

lesion involving all layers of the bladder

20

incontinence

inability to control excretory functions

21

micturition

urination

22

nephrectomy

excision of the kidney

23

nephrolithiasis

formation of kidney stones

24

nephorlithotomy

incision into the kidney to remove stones

25

nephroptosis

prolapse of the kidney

26

nephrosis

any kidney disease

27

nephrotomy

incision/to cut into the kidney

28

nocturia

excessive urination at night

29

oliguria

diminished capacity to form and pass urine

30

osmosis

diffusion of fluid through semipermeable membrane

31

patent urachus

allows urine to drip out of the bladder through the umbilicus

32

polyuria

excessive excretion of urine

33

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

34

pyuria

pus in urine

35

residual urine

urine remaining in the bladder after urination

36

retention

the process of holding back or keeping in

37

nephritis

inflammation of the kidney

38

blanitis

inflammation of the penis

39

castrate

to remove the testicles or ovaries

40

circumcision

surgical removal of foreskin of the penis

41

cryptorchidism

hidden testicles

42

dribbling

to fall in drops

43

epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

44

eunuchism

absence of the testes/lack of male hormones

45

fertility

the capacity to conceive or induce conception

46

gonads

sex gland - ovary or testes

47

hydrocele

herniation containing fluid

48

impotence

erectile dysfunction - inability to achieve/maintain an erection

49

nocturnal emission

involuntary discharge of semen during sleep

50

orchidopexy

surgical fixation of prolapsed testes

51

orchitis

inflammation of the testes

52

phimosis

constriction of foreskin that prevents it from being drawn back to uncover the penis

53

priapism

persistent and painful penile erection

54

prostatectomy

excision of the prostate

55

prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate

56

puberty

sexual maturation

57

smegma

whitish/cheesy secretion that collects under the prepuce of the penis or around the clitoris

58

spermatocele

herniation containing sperm

59

spermicide

agent that kills sperm

60

sterility

incapability of fertilization or reproduction

61

undescended testicle

cryptorchidism

62

uremia

urine in blood

63

urethritis

inflammation of the urethra

64

urinary hesitancy

difficulty in beginning to urinate

65

vasitis

inflammation of the vas deferens

66

vasectomy

excision of the vas deferens