Unit 11: Testing and Individual Differences Flashcards Preview

McGuinness AP Psychology > Unit 11: Testing and Individual Differences > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 11: Testing and Individual Differences Deck (25):
1

The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

Intelligence

2

An overall, encompassing indicator of intelligence that envelops all subtypes of intelligence

General intelligence (g)

3

The mathematical procedure used to identify clusters of variables (e.g. the factor used to identify the independent subtypes of intelligence)

Factor analysis

4

A condition where a person with a low general intelligence may score extremely high on one specific subtype of intelligence (e.g. music or memory)

Savant syndrome

5

What are Howard Gardener's "8 Intelligences"

1. Linguistic 2. Logical-mathematical 3. Musical 4. Spatial 5. Bodily-kinesthetic 6. Interpersonal (self) 7. Interpersonal (other people) 8. Naturalist

6

What are Robert Sternberg's "3 Intelligences"

1. Analytical 2. Creative 3. Practical

7

The know-how involved in comprehending social situations and managing oneself successfully

Emotional Intelligence

8

What are the abilities involved with "emotional intelligence"

1. Perceiving emotion 2. Understanding emotion 3. Managing emotion 4. Using emotion

9

Is there a correlation between brain *size* and intelligence?

Yes, but it is relatively small (r=.33)

10

What is "mental age"

The objective of Alfred Binet's testing in the early 20th century - to discover how a child tested relative to children of different ages

11

The first widely used intelligence test, designed by Lewis Terman in 1916 - which compared a child's mental age to their chronological age

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test

12

The term used by William Stern for the number resulting from ( Mental Age / Chronological Age * 100 )

Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

13

The term used for tests that measure the *knowledge* that you have learned

Achievement Test

14

The term used for tests that *predict* your ability to learn new skills

Aptitude Tests

15

The most widely used modern intelligence test

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

16

The process of transforming scores on a test relative to pretest scores

Standardization

17

The symmetrical bell-shaped curve that shows the distribution of scores falling on intelligence scores

A image thumb
18

The consistency of a test's results (e.g. how likely are you to receive the same score if you took the test tomorrow)

Reliability

19

How well a test's results reflect what the test is actually supposed to measure

Validity

20

What is the name and type of this dog?

Q image thumb

Miles; Yellow Lab

21

What is the name and type of this dog?

Q image thumb

Maggie; English Setter

22

The extent to which a test measures the specific items that it intends to measure

Content validity

23

The extent to which a test is able to predict future behavior or ability

Predictive validity

24

A child with an IQ score below 70, and has difficulty dealing with the normal demands of life

Intellectual Difficulty

25

How similar are intelligence scores of identical twins that are raised in the same family?

Nearly identical (r=.85)

Identical twins raised apart r=.72

^ This implies that "nature" is highly involved in intelligence

Fraternal twins raised together r=.60

Siblings raised together r=.45

Unrelated siblings raised together r=.32