Unit 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 12 Deck (154):
1

Four functions of the digestive system?

- Take food into the body
- break food down to simpler substances
- absorb nutrients from food
- eliminate solid wastes produced during digestion

2

Six structures of the digestive system

- Oral cavity
- Pharynx
- Esophagus
- Stomach
- Small intestine
- large intestine

3

What is the liver responsible for? (6)

- produces bile to digest fats
- breakdown/storage of fats, carbohydrates, and protiens
- store sugar as glycogen
store vitamins
- detoxification of harmful substances
- produces factors responsible for blood clotting

4

Peritoneum

membrane lining that encases the components of the digestive system.

5

Layers of the peritoneum

- Parietal layer
- Peritoneal cavity & fluid
- Visceral layer

6

an/o

anus

7

append/o

appendix

8

appendic/o

appendix

9

bil/o

bile

10

bucc/o

cheek

11

cec/o

cecum

12

cheil/o

lips

13

labi/o

lips

14

chol/o

bile, gall

15

cholangi/o

bile duct, bile vessel

16

cholecyst/o

gall bladder

17

choledoch/o

common bile duct

18

col/o

colon, large intestine

19

colon/o

colon, large intestine

20

cyst/o

cyst, sac, bladder

21

dent/o

tooth, teeth

22

dent/i

tooth, teeth

23

odent/o

tooth, teeth

24

divert/i

turning aside

25

duoden/o

duodenum

26

duoden/i

duodenum

27

enter/o

small intestine

28

esophag/o

esophagus

29

gastr/o

stomach

30

gingiv/o

gums

31

gloss/o

tongue

32

lingu/o

tongue

33

hepat/o

liver

34

ile/o

ileum

35

jejun/o

jejunum

36

lapar/o

abdomen

37

lith/o

stone

38

orex/i

appetite

39

or/o

mouth

40

stomat/o

mouth

41

palat/o

palate

42

pancreat/o

pancreas

43

peps/o

digest, digestion

44

peps/i

digest, digestion

45

peritone/o

peritoneum

46

pharyng/o

pharynx, throat

47

proct/o

rectum and anus together

48

pylor/o

pylorus

49

rect/o

rectum

50

sial/o

saliva

51

sialaden/o

salivary gland

52

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

53

steat/o

fat

54

lip/o

fat

55

adip/o

fat

56

uvul/o

little grape, uvula

57

viscer/o

internal organs

58

-chalasia

relaxation

59

-grade

to step up, to go

60

-emesis

vomiting

61

-lithiasis

presence of stones

62

-phagia

eating, swallowing

63

-plakia

patches

64

-pepsia

digestion

65

-pexy

surgical fixation

66

-stalsis

contraction

67

anti-

against

68

endo-

within

69

meta-

change

70

anorectal

pertaining to the anus and rectum

71

perianal

pertaining to around the anus

72

appendectomy

surgical removal of the appendix

73

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

74

billary

pertaining to bile

75

buccal mucosa

pertaining to the mucous membrane of the cheek

76

cecopexy

surgical fixation of the cecum

77

ileocecal

pertaining to the ileum and cecum

78

cheiloplasty

surgical repair of the lips

79

cheilosis

abnormal condition of the lips

80

labial

pertaining to the lips

81

cholangiogram

a record of the bile ducts

82

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gall bladder

83

cholecystectomy

surgical removal of the gall bladder

84

colitis

inflammation of the colon

85

colonoscopy

process of visually examining the colon

86

colostomy

creation of a permanent new opening in the colon

87

periodontist

specialist who deals with the diseases around the teeth

88

periodontitis

inflammation of the area around the teeth

89

duodenal

pertaining to the duodenum

90

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

91

gastroenterology

study of the stomach and small intestine

92

gastroenterologist

specialist in the study of the stomach and small intestine

93

esophageal

pertaining to the esophagus

94

esophagitis

inflammation of the esophagus

95

gastrectomy

surgical removal of the stomach

96

gastrointestinal

pertaining to the stomach and intestines

97

nasogastric tube

pertaining to a tube that goes from the nose into the stomach

98

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

99

glossectomy

surgical removal of the tongue

100

sublingual

pertaining to under the tongue

101

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

102

hepatocyte

liver cell

103

hepatoma

tumor of the liver

104

transhepatic

pertaining to across the liver

105

ileostomy

creation of a permanent new opening into the ileum

106

ileotomy

surgical incision into the ileum

107

jejunal

pertaining to the jejunum

108

gastrojejunostomy

creation of a permanent new opening between the stomach and jejunum

109

laparoscope

instrument used to examine the abdomen

110

choledocholithiasis

condition of the stones in the common bile duct

111

lithotripsy

crushing of stones

112

anorexia

condition where there is a loss of appetite

113

oral

pertaining to the mouth

114

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

115

pancreatogenic

produced by the pancreas

116

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

117

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum

118

retroperitoneal

pertaining to behind the peritoneum

119

pharyngeal

pertaining to the pharynx

120

proctoscopy

visual examination of the rectum and anus

121

pylorospasm

sudden involuntary contraction of the pylorus

122

pyloromyotomy

surgical incision into the muscle of the pylorus

123

rectostenosis

narrowing of the rectum

124

salivary

pertaining to saliva

125

sialadenitis

inflammation of the salivary gland

126

sigmoidoscopy

visual examination of the sigmoid colon

127

visceroptosis

drooping of the internal organs

128

retrograde

backward flow of fluid

129

hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

130

hematemisis

vomiting of blood

131

aphagia

no eating

132

dysphagia

difficulty in eating

133

leukoplakia

white patches on the mucous membranes

134

dyspepsia

difficulty in digesting, indigestion

135

endoscopy

process of visually examining the internal organs

136

Absorption

the process whereby nutrient material is taken into the blood stream or lymph

137

Ascites

an accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

138

Cirrhosis

A chronic degenerative liver disease characterized by changes in the lobes; parenchymal cells and the lobules are infiltrated with fat

139

Defecation

the evacuation of the material int he bowel

140

Deglutition

the act or process of swallowing

141

Diarrhea

frequent or watery stools

142

Esophageal reflux

a return or backward flow of gastric contents into the esophagus

143

Halitosis

bad breath

144

Lavage

to wash out a cavity

145

Mastication

chewing

146

Melena

black feces caused by the action of intestinal juices on blood

147

ac (abbr.)

before meals (ante cibum)

148

BM (abbr.)

bowel movement

149

BS (abbr.)

bowel sounds

150

GI (abbr.)

gastrointestinal

151

NPO (abbr.)

nothing by mouth (nil per os)

152

pc (abbr.)

after meals (post cibum)

153

po (abbr.)

by mouth (per os)

154

TPN (abbr.)

total parenteral nutrition