Unit 12 & 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 12 & 13 Deck (75):
1

opt/o

eyes or vision

2

optic/o

eyes or vision

3

ocul/o

eyes or vision

4

ophthalm/o

eyes or vision

5

corne/o

cornea
transparent, outer layer of eye
maintains shape and protects the inner portion

6

kerat/o

cornea
transparent, outer layer of eye
maintains shape and protects the inner portion

7

cor/o

pupil
black circular portion of eye
permits light to enter the eye

8

pupill/o

pupil
black circular portion of eye
permits light to enter the eye

9

ir/o

iris
colored portion of the eye
surrounds the pupil

10

retin/o

retina
converts images into electrical impulses
transmits images to the brain

11

blephar/o

eyelid
protects the eye from foreign matter, excessive light, and impact

12

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva
mucous membrane lining of the eyelid and sclera

13

scler/o

sclera
white of the eye

14

dacry/o

tear, tear duct

15

cataract

the clouding of the lens of the eye

16

glaucoma

the loss of peripheral vision
tunnel vision

17

strabismus

crossing of the eyes
lazy eye
disorder in which eyes can not be directed toward the same object

18

astigmatism

unequal curvature of the cornea
causes eye to not focus properly; vision problems

19

hyperopia

farsightedness

20

myopia

nearsightedness

21

diplopia

double vision

22

monochromatism

color blindness

23

nyctalopia

night blindness

24

cryoretinopexy

surgical fixation of the retina by using extreme cold

25

ophthalmoplegia

paralysis of the eye muscle

26

photophobia

abnormal fear of or sensitivity to light

27

conjunctivitis

pink eye

28

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accommodation

29

aur/o

ears

30

aur/i

ears

31

ot/o

ears

32

acous/o

hearing

33

audi/o

hearing

34

tympanic membrane

transmits sound vibrations

35

tympan/o

eardrum

36

cochle/o

cochlea
snail-shaped portion that contains organ of hearing

37

otitis media

inflammation of middle ear

38

vertigo

dizziness, whirling, loss of balance

39

tinnitus

ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in the ear

40

presbycusis

a progressive hearing loss occurring in old age

41

ad lib

as desired

42

ADL

activities of daily living

43

BR

bed rest

44

BRP

bathroom privileges

45

W/C WC

wheelchair

46

PDR

physicians' desk reference

47

AMA

american medical association

48

CDC

center for disease control

49

ENT

ears nose throat specialist

50

Kg

kilogram

51

L

liter

52

lb, #

pound

53

ml, mL

milliliter

54

OTC

over the counter

55

oz

ounce

56

DTaP

diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis

57

HepA

hepatitis A vaccine

58

HepB

hepatitis B vaccine

59

Hib

haemophilus influenza B vaccine

60

IPV

polio vaccine

61

MMR

measles, mumps, rubella vaccine

62

Tdap

tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis

63

VAR

varicella
chicken pox vaccine

64

diphtheria

a serious disease caused by a toxin made by bacteria that causes a thick coating in the back of the nose or throat that makes it hard to breathe or swallow

65

tetanus
lockjaw

causes painful fighting of the muscles, usually all over the body which can lead to locking of the jaw so the victim cannot open his mouth or swallow

66

acellular

vaccines that contain inactivated cells

67

pertussis

whooping cough

68

hepatitis A

a serious liver diseased caused by the hepatitis A virus

69

hepatitis B

a liver disease that results from infection

70

haemophilus

a bacterium that can cause a severe infection, occurring mostly in infants and children younger than five years of age

71

polio

a contagious viral illness that in its most severe form causes paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death

72

measles

a highly contagious viral disease that can be very serious or even fatal. begins with fever followed by cough, runny nose and pink eye.

73

mumps

a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands.

74

rubella
german measles

contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash that primarily affects the skin and lymph nodes

75

varicella

chicken pox