Flashcards in Unit 12: The Supreme Court & The Judiciary Deck (23):
(T/F) The United States Supreme Court can decide only cases that originate in federal courts.
The United States government’s lawyer before the Supreme Court is called the __________.
A jurist who believes in judicial restraint ___________.
Is wary of going against the wishes of elected representatives
Checks on judicial power include ___________.
The Supreme Court’s original jurisdiction includes cases _______.
Between one of the states and the United States government
Between two or more states
Involving foreign ambassadors, ministers, or consuls
Who or what determines the size of the US Supreme Court?
Today, almost all cases reach the Supreme Court on a writ of _____________________.
What are the constitutional qualifications to become a federal judge?
(T/F) The Supreme Court is much more active in striking down state than federal legislation.
The power to hear a case for the first time
The power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts
Orders a lower court to deliver its record in a case so that the higher court may review it.
Writ of certiorari
An impartial adviser, often voluntary, to a court of law in a particular case.
Latin for “to stand by things decided.” In short, it is the doctrine of precedent.
The way lawyers and judges talk publicly about the law.
A process under which executive and (in some countries) legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary
Refers to court rulings based on a judge's political or personal considerations
A theory of judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the exercise of their own power.
Refers to a tacit agreement among senators not to vote for any presidential nominee who is opposed by the senators from the nominee's home state.
(aka Circuit Split) When multiple U.S. Courts of Appeal issue rulings on a point of law which are in conflict with each other.
The name of court systems in several common law jurisdictions.
The general trial courts of the United States federal court system.