Unit 13- Respiratory System and Pulmonology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 13- Respiratory System and Pulmonology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 13- Respiratory System and Pulmonology Deck (141):
1

nas/o, rhin/o

nose

2

pharyng/o

pharynx

3

laryng/o

larynx

4

trache/o

trachea

5

bronch/o

bronchi

6

bronchiol/o

bronchioles

7

alveol/o

alveoli

8

phren/o, diaphragmat/o, diaphragm/o

diaphragm

9

pulmon/o

lung

10

pneum/o

air, lung

11

pneumon/o

lung

12

pneumonectomy

excision of part or all of a lung

13

pneumonotomy

incision into the lung

14

pneumonopathy

disease of the lungs

15

pneumonorrhagia

hemorrhage of a lung

16

pne/o

breathing

17

-pnea

breathing

18

pneumonia

acute inflammation of the lungs caused by a variety of bacteria, fungi, and viruses
Antibiotics to treat
aka pneumonitis

19

pneumonocentesis

surgical puncture of a lung to remove fluid

20

thoracocentesis

surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid

21

-ectasia, -ectasis

dilation or expansion

22

atelectasis

imperfect expansion of the lungs
aka collapsed lung
trauma

23

pneumonopexy

surgical fixation of lung

24

melan/o

black

25

pneumomelanosis

condition of black lungs
lung disease found in coal miners in which lung tissue becomes black due to breathing black dust

26

pneumomycosis

fungal condition of lungs

27

myc/o

fungus

28

mycosis

any condition caused by a fungus

29

mycoid

resembling fungi

30

mycology

science and study of fungi

31

pharyngomycosis

fungal disease of the pharynx (throat)

32

rhinomycosis

fungal disease of the nose

33

dermatomycosis

fungal disease of the skin

34

mycodermatitis

inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus

35

pneumoderma

collection of air under the skin

36

pneumothorax

collection of air in the chest cavity

37

pneumotherapy

treatment with compressed air

38

spirometer

measures lung volume

39

pneumometer

measures air volume

40

ser/o

serum

41

pneumoserothorax

collection of air and serum in chest cavity

42

pneumopyothorax

collection of air and pus in the thoracic cavity

43

pneumohemothorax

collection of air and blood in thoracic cavity

44

embolus

thrombus (clot) that moves

45

pulmonary embolus

blood clot moving to the lung

46

embolism

process or condition of having an embolus

47

apnea

absence of breathing

48

dyspnea

difficult breathing

49

hyperpnea

increased rate and depth of breathing

50

tachypnea

rapid breathing

51

bradypnea

slow breathing

52

orthopnea

able to breathe only when sitting up or standing

53

hemoptysis

expectorating (coughing up) blood, bloody sputum

54

ptyal/o

saliva or sputum

55

ptyalorrhea, ptyalism

flow of saliva

56

nas/o

nasal cavity

57

nasoantritis

inflammation of the antrum (maxillary sinus) and the nasal cavity

58

ment/o

chin

59

nasomental

pertaining to the nasal cavity and chin

60

nasitis

inflammation of the nasal cavity

61

nasoscope

instrument to examine the nasal cavity

62

nasopharyngitis

inflammation of the nose and pharynx

63

staxis

dripping or oozing

64

epistaxis

nosebleed, hemorrhage from the nose
hypertension, stress, dryness of membranes, or sinusitis may lead to nosebleed

65

pharyngolith

calculus in the wall of the pharynx

66

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

67

pharyngocele

herniation of the pharynx

68

pharyngotomy

incision of the pharynx

69

pharyngopathy

disease of the pharynx

70

pharyngoplasty

surgical repair of the pharynx

71

pharyngoscope

instrument to examine the pharynx

72

laryng/o

larynx, throat
contains vocal cords (not chords)

73

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

74

laryngalgia

pain in the larynx

75

laryngostomy

opening in the larynx

76

laryngotomy

incision into the larynx

77

laryngocele

herniation of the larynx

78

laryngopathy

disease of the larynx

79

laryngoscope

instrument used to examine the larynx

80

laryngospasm

spasm of the larynx

81

trache/o

trachea

82

tracheopyosis

condition of the trachea with pus formation

83

tracheorrhagia

hemorrhage from the trachea

84

trachealgia

pain in the trachea

85

tracheotomy

incision into the trachea

86

tracheocele

herniation of the trachea

87

tracheoscopy

examination of the trachea

88

tracheolaryngotomy

incision of trachea and larynx

89

tracheostomy

surgical creation of a new opening in the trachea

90

endotracheal

within the trachea

91

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

92

bronchofibroscopy

use of a flexible bronchoscope to examine the tracheobronchial tree

93

broncholith

calculus in a bronchus

94

bronchoscopy

examination of a bronchus with instrument

95

bronchorrhagia

hemorrhage of bronchus

96

bronchostomy

formation of a new opening into a bronchus

97

bronchospasm

spasm of bronchus

98

bronchorrhaphy

suturing of a bronchus

99

croup

resonant barking cough
viral infection, allergic reaction, and inhalation of foreign body are common causes
mostly in children

100

asthma

brought on by allergies, overexertion through exercise, inhalation of irritants, infection, and emotional distress
spasms of bronchi cause wheezing cough and inability to take complete breath

101

emphysema

terminal bronchioles and alveoli lose elasticity and ability to receive and expel air
shortness of breath, chronic cough, cyanosis, and wheezing
primary cause is smoking cigarettes and breathing dirty, smoky, polluted air

102

pertussis

whooping cough, caused by highly contagious infection
shrill whooping inspiration and cough
vaccination for it

103

pleura

membrane around lungs
plural= pleurae

104

pleuritis

inflammation of the pleura

105

pleuralgia, pleurodynia

pain in the pleura

106

pleurocentesis

surgical puncturing of the pleura

107

viseropleural

pertaining to the membrane attached to the lung

108

pleurolith

calculus in the pleura

109

pleurectomy

excision of part of the pleura

110

pleurisy, pleuritis

inflammation of the pleura

111

phren/o, diaphragm/o

diaphragm

112

phrenoplegia

paralysis of the diaphragm

113

diaphragmatic breathing

breathing that is automatic as during sleep, controlled by brain signaling the diaphragm

114

phrenectomy, phrenicectomy

removal of part of the phrenic nerve

115

dextr/o

right

116

sinstr/o

left

117

ad- , -ad

toward

118

sinistrad

toward the left

119

sinistral

pertaining to the left

120

sinistrocardia

displacement of the heart to the left

121

sinistrocerebral

pertaining to the left half of the cerebrum

122

sinistromanual

left-handed

123

sinistropedal

left-footed

124

dextrad

toward the right

125

dextral

pertaining to the right

126

dextrocardia

displacement of the heart to the right

127

dextrogastria

displacement of the stomach to the right

128

dextromanual

right-handed

129

dextropedal

right-footed

130

pod/o, ped/i

foot

131

pedialgia, podalgia

foot pain

132

-iatrist, -iatric

medical professional or physician

133

podiatrist

foot doctor

134

chir/o

hands

135

chirospasm

spasm of the hand

136

chiropractor

use hands to manipulate body for therapy

137

chiroplasty

surgical repair of the hand

138

pedi/a

child

139

pediatrician

physician specialist who treats children

140

ger/i

old age

141

gerontology

study of aging