Unit 13- Treatment of Abnormal Behavior (5-7%) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 13- Treatment of Abnormal Behavior (5-7%) Deck (51):
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Albert Ellis

Aggressive rational-emotive therapy
Showed how therapists can differ which could affect their view of a healthy person
Thought of nothing as supreme, self gratification should be encouraged
Personal beliefs influence their practice

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Psychopharmacology

The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

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Aaron Beck

Originally trained in Freudian techniques
Analyzed dreams of the depressed
Found lots of negativity
Used gentle questioning to reverse the negative thoughts

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Active listening

Echoing, restating, and seeking clarification of what a person expresses and acknowledging the expressed feelings

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Unconditional positive regard

Caring, accepting, and nonjudgmental attitude which Carl Rodgers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance

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Counterconditioning

A behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors

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Exposure therapies

Behavioral techniques that treat anxiety by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid

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Systematic desensitization

Type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with a gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Often used to treat a phobia.

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Nondirective therapy

Therapists listens without judging or interpreting and seeks to refrain from directing the client toward certain insights

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Aversive conditioning

Type of Counterconditioning that associates and unpleasant state (nausea) with an unwanted behavior (drinking alcohol)

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Token economy

An operate conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the token for various treats

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Behavior modification

Reinforcing desired behavior, and withholding reinforcement or enacting punishment for an undesired behavior

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Humanistic approach

Psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer but through the the eyes of the person doing the behaving. Study of the whole person

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Goals of humanistic therapy

Focus on person conscious self-perceptions. The clients may deepen their self understanding and self acceptance

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Joseph Wolpe

Pioneer of exposure therapy. He was less interested in individual's past life. He focused on the changing behavior.

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Mary Cover Jones

Exposure therapy. Her strategy is to associate the fear evoking rabbit with a pleasurable, relaxed response associated with eating.

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Carl Rogers

Developed the widely used humanistic technique called client-center therapy. Roger encouraged therapists to exhibit genuineness, acceptance, and empathy.

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Gestalt therapy

Form of psychotherapy that emphasizes personal responsibility and that focuses upon the individual's experience in the present moment

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Fritz Perls

Developed the Gestalt therapy. Believed that characters and objects in our dreams are in fact projections of ourselves. They are a part of our personality that we do not acknowledge.

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Behavioral approach

The analysis of employees actions to identify behavior patterns that separate am effective employee from the less effective or non performing employee

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Psychiatrists

A medical practitioner specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. Can prescribe medications

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Clinical Psychologist

A mental health professional with highly specialized training in the diagnosis and psychological treatment of mental, behavioral, and emotional illness

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Counseling Psychologist

A psychologist who focuses on facilitating personal and interpersonal functioning across the life span. He/she pays particular attention to emotional, social, vocational, educational, health related, developmental, and organizational concerns

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Social Workers

Mental health professionals who help people with a wide range of issues, including psychological, financial, health, relationship, and substance abuse problems

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Deinstitutionalization

Process of replacing long-stay psychiatric hospitals with less isolated community mental health services for those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental disability

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Psychotherapy

Treatment involving psychological technoques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone see,King to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

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Insight Therapies

A varied of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses

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Sigmund Freud

Father of psychoanalysis. Believed interactions between the conscious and unconscious mind shaped behavior. Came up with the id, ego, and superego

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Psychoanalytic Approach

The method of psychiatric therapy originated by Sigmund Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance, and transference are us d to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts

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Goals of Psychoanalysis

To help the patient develop insight into his or her unconscious processes

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Psychoanalytic Therapy

Founded by Sigmund Freud. Thought that to gain insight on people's unconscious thoughts and motivations would "cure" them

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Free Association

Technique used in psychoanalysis and developed by Freud. It is when the patient is relaxed and says whatever comes to mind. Is supposed to uncover the unconscious thoughts and feelings that had been repressed

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Manifest Content

What happens on the surface of your dream

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Latent Content

Compared to manifest content. Is what the manifest content represents and symbolizes

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Resistance

In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety laden material

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Transference

In psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships, such as love or hatred for a parent

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Psychodynamic Therapy

Therapy deriving from the psychoanalyst if tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences and that seeks to enhance self insight

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Lithium

Mood stabilizing drug used for bipolar disorder

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Antidepressants

Drugs used to treat depression, also used for anxiety
Different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters

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Prefrontal lobotomy

A now rare surgery once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients
Cuts the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotional-controlling enters of the inner brain

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Goal of Cognitive Therapy

Change the thought process

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Alcoholics Anonymous

A type of group therapy
A 12 step program

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Meta-Analysis

A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

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Evidence- based practice

Best available research based with clinicians expertise and patients characteristics and preferences

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Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

Form of cognitive behavior therapy
Developed by Dr. Albert Ellis
Action-oriented approach to managing cognitive, emotional, and behavioral disturbances. Largely based on our thinking about events that leads to emotional and behavioral upset.

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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

A form of brain stimulation therapy
Uses magnetic pulses instead of electricity to activate parts of the brain.
Possible therapy for depression

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Cognitive approach

Relatively modern approach to human behaviour that focuses on how we think, with the belief that such thought processes affect the way in which we behave

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Anxiolytics

medication that inhibits anxiety

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Group Therapy

Just as effective as individual therapy
Costs less
Provides support because you know others are going through what you are

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Family Therapy

helps family members improve communication and resolve conflicts

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Electroconvulsive shock treatment

A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient