Unit 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 14 Deck (30):
0

Balance

Mentally/emotionally stable

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Wellness

Actively maintaining a sense of balance; biopsychosocial wellness

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6 dimensions of wellness

Physical, social, intellectual, spiritual, emotional, occupational

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External well being

Things outside your direct control
Social: strong friendships and secure parent/child relationship= secure child
Occupational: better job satisfaction= better life
Environmental: maslow's pyramid: physiologic needs-safety-social-self esteem-self actualization

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Internal well being

Things that you directly control; Intellectual, physical, emotional, spiritual

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Companionate love

Love based on friendship, mutual attraction, common interest, mutual respect, concern for each others' welfare

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DBT

Dialectical behavior therapy, based on 3 states of mind

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3 states of mind

Reasonable: intellectual/logical approach to life
Emotional: thinking/behavior is based on your emotions
Wise mind: integrate logical and emotional to make best decision possible

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Hans Selye definition of stress:

Nonspecific response to change

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Stress

Physiologic response when an organism fails to respond appropriately to emotional/physical stress

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3 types of stress

Everyday: normal daily hassles
Extreme: intense amount of stress over a short period of time
Prolonged: stress thats extended over a time period

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General adaptation syndrome (GAS):

3 distinct phases of physiologic change due to long term stress

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3 stages of GAS

Alarm: initial reaction to stress
Resistance: the body tries to adapt to the chronic stress by chronically raising blood glucose levels and blood pressure
Exhaustion: body can't maintain the high stress state anymore, so organs begin to fail

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HPA axis

Hypothalamus: tells pituitary to release hormones
Pituitary: secretes ACTH (which is a hormone that tells adrenals to secrete cortisol)
Adrenals: secrete cortisol and adrenaline (aka epinephrine and norepinephrine)

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Emotion regulation

Ability to successfully control our emotions; more ER = more positive life outcomes; less serotonin = more emotional reaction

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Mindfulness

Paying attention w/o judgement to what is happening right now in this moment

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Distress tolerance skills

Ability to incorporate stress management skills in the moment of experiencing a crisis

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Pain

Combination of body responses and subjective experience

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Psychogenic pain

Persons emotional state affects their perception of pain

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Gate control theory of pain

Pain is determined by 2 types of nerves: small nerves that carry pain btwn body/brain, long nerve fibers that start/stop pain

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Chronic pain

Occurs when pain signals get so embedded in the brain that you feel pain regardless of the actual state of your body

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Nociceptive pain

Tissue damage

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Neuropathic pain

Nerve damage

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Somatization disorder

Psych disorder where person experiences numerous long-lasting but seemingly unrelated physical ailments

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Conversion disorder

Specific neurologic symptoms that can't be explained; psychological disorder manifests as physical ailments

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Hypochondria

Psychologic disorder where you excessively worry about chronic illness

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Nonacceptance

Not being able to accept that pain is a part of life; maladaptive thoughts increase pain

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Narcotic analgesics

Pain reducers (opium, morphine, heroin)

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Hypnosis

Focusing on something else to reduce the pain

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Accepting pain is to be free from suffering

True!