Unit 14- Word Parts for Night, Sleep, Split, Skeletal System, and Orthopedics Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 14- Word Parts for Night, Sleep, Split, Skeletal System, and Orthopedics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 14- Word Parts for Night, Sleep, Split, Skeletal System, and Orthopedics Deck (130):
1

musculoskeletal

combination of muscle and skeleton

2

orthopedist

treats diseases and performs surgery on skeletal system

3

plural of carpus

carpi

4

carp/o

wrist

5

carpal

pertaining to the wrist

6

carpometacarpal

pertaining to the wrist and metacarpals

7

carpectomy

excision of all or part of the wrist

8

meta

beyond

9

metacarpals

bones in hand beyond the carpals

10

tars/o

ankle

11

metatarsals

bones in foot beyond the tarsals

12

phalang/es

bones of the fingers and/or toes
singular=phalynx

13

phalang/o

phalanges

14

phalangitis

inflammation of the phalanges

15

phalangectomy

excision of a phalynx

16

acromi/o

acromion (scapula)

17

acromiohumeral

pertaining to the acromion and humerus

18

acromioclavicular

pertaining to the acromion and clavicle

19

humer/o

humerus

20

radi/o

radius

21

uln/o

ulna

22

radioulnar

pertaining to the radius and ulna

23

closed fracture

simple fracture
skin not broken

24

open fracture

compound fracture
bone ends protrude through skin

25

pathologic fracture

diseased area weakens bone

26

condyl/o

condyle
rounded process on many bones

27

femor/o

femur

28

tibi/o

tibia

29

fibul/o

fibula

30

tibiofibular

referring to the tibia and fibula

31

condylectomy

excision of a condyle

32

condyloid

resembling a condyle

33

epicondyle

upon a condyle

34

plural of calcaneus

calcanea

35

calcane/o

heel

36

calcaneodynia, calcanealgia

pain in heel

37

ischi/o

ischium

38

ili/o

ilium (pelvic bone)
not to be confused with ile/o (ileum-small intestine)

39

pub/o

pubis

40

plural of ischium

ischia

41

ischiorectal

pertaining to the ischium and rectum

42

ischioneuralgia

neuralgic pain in the hip
aka sciatica

43

ischiopubic

pertaining to the ischium and pubis

44

ischiocele

herniation through the ischium

45

plural of pubis

pubes

46

suprapubic

above the pubis

47

pubofemoral

pertaining to the pubis and the femur

48

stern/o

sternum
breastbone

49

sternopericardial

pertaining to the sternum and pericardium

50

sternocostal

pertaining to the sternum and ribs

51

sternalgia, sternodynia

pain in the sternum

52

cost/o

ribs

53

xiph/o

xiphoid process

54

xiphocostal

pertaining to the xiphoid process and ribs

55

gangli/o

ganglion
collection of nerve cell bodies
pl. ganglia

56

rachi/o, spondyl/o

spine

57

rachitis, spondylitis

inflammation of the spine

58

rachialgia, rachiodynia

spine pain

59

rachiotomy

incision into the spine

60

rachiometer

instrument to measure spinal curvature

61

rachioplegia

spinal paralysis

62

rachischisis

fissure of the spine (split spine)

63

cervic/o

cervix
neck, neck of uterus or other anatomic necks

64

thorac/o

thoracic

65

lumb/o

lumbar

66

sacr/o

sacral

67

coccyg/o

coccygeal

68

plural of cervix

cervices

69

cervicectomy

excision of the cervix

70

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix

71

cervicofacial

pertaining to face and neck

72

cervicobrachial

pertaining to the arm and neck

73

cervicothoracic

pertaining to the chest and neck

74

cervix of the axon

constriction between the cell body and the axon

75

cervix dentis

neck of the tooth

76

cervix uteri

neck of the uterus

77

cervix vesicae urinariae

neck of urinary bladder

78

brachi/o

arm

79

brachioradialis

arm and radius muscle

80

brachiocephalic

arm and head

81

thoracolumbar

pertaining to the thorax and lumbar spines

82

sacrosciatic

pertaining to the sacrum and sciatic nerve

83

coccygectomy

removal of the coccyx

84

lamin/o

thin, flat sheet, plate, or membrane

85

laminectomy

removal of lamina of the vertebral posterior arch that has been ruptured (ruptured disk)

86

diskectomy

removal of a herniated disk

87

myelogram

x-ray to view spine

88

noct/i, nyct/o

night

89

noctiluca

microscopic marine animals that make the ocean glow during the night

90

ambul/o

walk

91

ambulatory

able to walk

92

ambulance

vehicle for transporting the sick (who cannot walk)

93

noctambulism, somnambulism

walking at night, sleepwalking

94

somn/o

sleep

95

nyctalgia

pain during the night

96

nyctalbuminuria

presence of albumin in the urine only during the night

97

nyctalopia

night blindness, difficulty seeing at night
lack of vitamin A is a potential cause

98

nyctophobia, noctiphobia

abnormal fear of night

99

nyctophilia, noctiphilia

unusual attraction to the night

100

nycturia, nocturia

excessive urination during the night
bed wetting

101

ankyl/o

immovable or fixed

102

ankylosed

stiffened

103

ankyloblepharon

adhesions resulting in immovable eyelids

104

ankylosis

condition of immobility of the spine

105

ankylostoma

lockjaw
stiff mouth

106

ankylocheilia

adhesions of lips
immovable lips

107

ankyloproctia

immobility of the anus and rectum

108

ankylophobia

abnormal fear of ankylosis

109

ankyloglossia

tongue tied (stiff tongue)

110

ankylodactylia

adhesions of fingers or toes

111

-ia

condition

112

-stasis

stopping or controlling

113

viscerostasis

controlling what an organ produces or does

114

fungistasis

condition in which growth of fungi is stopped or controlled

115

cholestasis

control or stopping bile flow

116

enterostasis

controlling the small intestine

117

pyostasis

stopping the formation of pus

118

hemostasis

controlling the flow of blood

119

phlebostasis/ venostasis

checking flow in the veins

120

arteriostasis

checking flow in the arteries

121

schizo-, schisto-, -schisis

split, cleft, fissure

122

schizophasia

split/incomprehensible speech

123

onych/o

nails

124

schizonychia

split nails

125

schizophrenia

split mind
group of severe mental disorders in which thinking, emotions, and behavior are disturbed

126

schistoglossia

split tongue condition

127

schistocyte

split cell with a fissure

128

schistothorax

split chest (fissure)

129

palatoschisis, uranoschisis

cleft palate

130

rachischisis

split spine
spina bifida